Avoid a comma splice. Do put a comma after the day of the year when writing out the year. For example, “Jack would rather be fishing, he’s at work.” This is incorrect, as a coordinating conjunction wasn’t used. It always depends on the structure of your complete sentences. In some election stories, you might see this: Five candidates are vying for three, three-year seats on the council. However, we still have hope. How much do you have to respect checklist order? Comma usage after the words well done [closed], Comma after introductory discourse marker, Comma after “In Italy” at the beginning of the sentence. How can I improve after 10+ years of chess? How can I improve undergraduate students' writing skills. Favorite Answer. Indeed, you have. A list of items can be punctuated like this: We need bread, milk, cheese, and eggs. @Noah: How would you punctuate these words? You don’t have to include the comma with short prepositional phrases (three words or fewer). Putting a comma before “that” is a very common mistake: WRONG The claimant’s attorney stated, that his client was unable to attend the hearing.… The sentence could read, "Well done!" Gluten-stag! Luckily, the comma rules to help you decide are super easy to learn, use, and remember. There are some rare exceptions though, where the ‘Oxford comma’ must be used. Placing a comma after so when it starts a sentence might be one of those cases. I'm just wondering what the grammatical rule is regarding commas in this situation. A comma before a name makes your meaning clear. Mike wanted to know “Shouldn't there be a comma after soon?” Sure. Use a comma before or after quotes Example: My mom said, “Put some aloe on your sunburn.” If the attribution comes after the quote, then place the comma inside the quotation marks at … Or not. "So," suggests a substantial turning point in the discourse, for example between describing a situation and reacting to change it. You cannot use the punctuation rules of your native language when you write in English – you must use English rules. When to Use a Comma. Comma After a Short Introductory Phrase . Join Yahoo Answers and get 100 points today. And then Dr. Wells delivers this zinger: ‘We do not put a comma before a predicate nominative after a condition verb.” (In all of God’s universe, I suggest that you can count on one hand (and have fingers left over) the number of folks who know (or care) that such a rule exists.) Rule – When starting a sentence with a weak clause, use a comma after it. Did something happen in 1987 that caused a lot of travel complaints? Is a comma required before an interjected “well”? A comma splice occurs when you use a comma with two independent clauses, without using a coordinating conjunction. Let’s look at when you need to insert a comma or not with the word but. Different languages have different rules about how to use commas. January 17, 1965. If you want them to pause before indeed, then you need a comma, otherwise you don't. rev 2020.12.8.38145, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top, English Language & Usage Stack Exchange works best with JavaScript enabled, Start here for a quick overview of the site, Detailed answers to any questions you might have, Discuss the workings and policies of this site, Learn more about Stack Overflow the company, Learn more about hiring developers or posting ads with us. If, for example, the word 'and' precedes a clause beginning 'although', you usually put a comma after it and, if it precedes a conditional clause, you normally insert a comma as well. That comma after three is no more necessary than it is in the sentence about the Dachshunds. Costas's biggest grievance over fake Twitter account, Florida scientist: Government is retaliating against me, History makes Black Americans wary of vaccine, British study offers new insights on coronavirus in schools, SpaceX Starship test flight ends in fiery explosion, University grapples with founder's link to slavery, Lakers great makes compelling case to fix health care system, Coach's backflip issue with Hill isn't what you think, Oscar winner on realizing she 'doesn't love acting', Trump faithful asked to buy boyhood home for him. Wednesday, January 17, 1965. In this video, you'll learn how to use a comma before the two conjunctions 'so' and 'and.' For a full explanation of the serial comma and why I advocate its use, please read the article devoted to itelsewhere on this site. Can I run 300 ft of cat6 cable, with male connectors on each end, under house to other side? You do not need to follow it with a comma if this is the case: I hopefully did well on that test. But if there’s any chance of confusion, use a comma. Running is healthy as well as making you feel good. Use commas to offset appositives from the rest of the sentence. Let me know now if you are not sure about this. A traditional rule stated that howevermeaning ‘nevertheless’ should not be used at the beginning of a sentence. For example: Yes, I've won. This hotly debated punctuation mark known as the serial comma is also often called the Oxford comma or the Harvard comma. When an introductory prepositional phrase is very short (less than four words), the comma is usually optional. Do not use one after 'Dear' in a phrase like 'Dear John.' site design / logo © 2020 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. Rule #8: If You Use a Serial Comma, Use it Consistently. Just wondering. What does it mean when a Person says If someone tries to ghost you respect the dead never disturb them again !. This answer is not useful. Mos… If you want them to pause before indeed, then you need a comma, otherwise you don't. But if the phrase is longer than four words, use a comma. It has examples and an interactive exercise. That urban legend is this: “If you want to know where a comma goes, just put it wherever you want a pause in your writing.” (And then say “comma” three times in front of a mirror, etc. While “hopefully” used in this way most commonly comes at the beginning of a sentence, it might appear between the subject and the verb as well. Put a comma after one of those bad boys to separate it from a complete thought. Example: When I was younger, I had a cat named Whiskers … Conversely, do not use a comma when the sentence starts with a strong clause followed by a weak clause. Appositives act as synonyms for a … Interjections are included in a sentence (usually at the start) to express a sentiment such as surprise, disgust, joy, excitement, or enthusiasm. Consider the below examples of sentences containing properly placed and omitted commas: Short prepositional phrase: Show activity on this post. Yes, a comma should be inserted before a non-essential element (like the name). Perhaps the following instance will illustrate this point. Comma in this case is somewhat optional. Licensing/copyright of an image hosted found on Flickr's static CDN? Also note that no comma is placed between the number and the other modifiers. In grammatical terms, it’s “syntactically independent.” Here are two examples from the first book in the “Game of Thrones” series. Should Trump receive the COVID-19 vaccine? I got an e-mail from a reader named Mike who had a question about the sentence “Soon I will go to the office,” which I had used as an example in a piece I wrote. http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/grammar/g_c... Is there a legitimate reason for why “funner” is not a real word whereas other words can get the “er” alteration like “faster” or “greener” ? Do put a comma after the date, if you are using a date in the middle of a sentence.. We waited until October 27th, 2015, for the landlord to fix the roof. Sometimes textbook rules are quite old-fashioned and make English overly flowery. Why is stress defined in the way as it is? Yes, a comma should be inserted before a non-essential element (like the name). The sentence could read, "Well done!" Whether or not you put a comma before and depends on how you’re using and.There’s no single rule that applies to all situations. If you are including the day of the week, do separate that from the rest of the date with a comma as well. Both are correct, as commas must be used after every clause, except the one that comes before ‘and’. This second meaning is a newer one. Whatever. There is some leeway with prepositional phrases. Have Texas voters ever selected a Democrat for President? Good show, old chap!"? Or, "I say! 10. Get your answers by asking now. While commas are normally either required or not required, there’s one key instance when you can choose whether or not to use a comma – and either option is equally correct. In sentence B, the first comma is correct, but the second well shouldn’t be separated from the rest of the sentence because it’s not an introductory word. Was Stan Lee in the second diner scene in the movie Superman 2? English Language & Usage Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for linguists, etymologists, and serious English language enthusiasts. Verbs after as well as come in –ing form. When you address people directly in writing, whether in the greeting or in the body of your message, and you use a name, the name must be preceded by a comma. Why does arXiv have a multi-day lag between submission and publication? Moreover, the managers agree. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Service. Using a Comma after an Interjection Commas can be used to offset interjections (e.g., "yes," "indeed," "absolutely"). Examples: If you are not sure about this, let me know now. That’s because in most types of dialogue, the quoted material stands apart from the surrounding text. There are more usages of a comma, for example, how adding or removing comma before and after a name changes the meaning of the sentence — In this Grammar.com article let us understand how to correctly use commas with names. When we put a verb after as well as, we use the -ing form of the verb. The comma before such as is correct because the phrase is a nonessential clause. What is causing these water heater pipes to rust/corrode? One Place When You CAN Use a Comma. Comma in this case is somewhat optional. Once you know the rules you can make the correct decision. Want to improve this question? The same rules apply for titles. It’s almost always optional to put a comma before and in a list.. Comma Before And in Lists. It's very well done, indeed, boy. 1. This means use a comma after a participial phrase, an absolute phrase, an infinitive phrase, and a prepositional phrase. Well is an introductory word that a comma should separate from the rest of the sentence. It depends on how you want your readers to read your sentence. In sentence A, there is no comma after well. (When you use just the month and the year, no comma is necessary after the month or year: "The average temperatures for July 1998 are the highest on record for that month.") A lot of people have strong feelings about putting a comma before and in a list. : "I say good show old chap!" Do Jehovah Witnesses believe it is immoral to pay for blood transfusions through taxation? This is a page about commas with salutations in letters and emails. I'm confused because none of my teachers have ever used the comma before writing my name-- so they've written "Well done James" without the comma. If you use these words at the beginning of a sentence, put a comma after them. I'm training to be a teacher at the moment, and looking over my own school books I can't see any teacher using the first example (Well done, James). Update the question so it can be answered with facts and citations by editing this post. Furthermore,you know it’s true. Here is the text of a deleted spam comment on this blog: What an interesting text. Still have questions? This is when if you don’t use the comma, the meaning of the sentence changes. Use a comma after 'hello,' 'hi,' and terms like 'good morning' at the start of an email or letter. That comma is optional. Well done indeed! He broke the window, as well as destroying the wall. You can safely delete it if you want without losing the context. Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. I'd also do a little spell-checking (especially if you're going to be a teacher) before posting. When should 'a' and 'an' be written in a list containing both? It depends on how you want your readers to read your sentence. In this usage, the comma separates a series of words, phrases, or independent clauses. A little cryptic clue for you! How about "I say: good show, old chap!"? Do I need to put a comma after done in the sentence. About the Book Author Yes, you can. (This might sound really strange to a non-native speaker, but the grammar books agree on this.) Some modern writers are now dropping the comma, but I still like it because it indicates a pause. Use a comma to shift between the main discourse and a quotation. The biggest confusion regarding commas stems from a terrible urban legend. You usually put a comma before and when it’s connecting two independent clauses. For example, you might say: Hopefully, I did well on that test. Though not necessarily mechanical, the use of commas in lists is well established. As a general rule, you should use a comma to introduce quoted material or dialogue. If you remove the part after work, the meaning of the sentence remains intact, albeit, without the extra info. For example, take this sentence: Well done indeed, Sir. Obviously when saying"James, this is a good piece of ......" the comma is necessary, but somebody told be that it is also required when you you write Well done, James or Good work, James. )This is not true.Commas serve a specific purpose; they exist to divide content by clause, to delineate list items from one another, and to indicate sentence continuation before and … We use commas while combining multiple phrases in one sentence or writing about different items in a list. When to Use Commas After Introductory Prepositional Phrases. It only takes a minute to sign up. Story about muscle-powered wooden ships on remote ocean planet. Therefore, we will proceed with the order. Can you help me with this English question? share. What is a productive, efficient Scrum team? Your sentence do I need to insert a comma to shift between the main discourse and a.. Items can be punctuated like this: we need bread, milk, cheese and. 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Transfusions through taxation comma or the Harvard comma checklist order you use words! Comma before such as is correct because the phrase is longer than words. An infinitive phrase, and eggs of a sentence muscle-powered wooden ships on remote ocean planet pay for blood through. Travel complaints I run 300 ft of cat6 cable, with male connectors on each end, under house other... Undergraduate students ' writing skills also do a little spell-checking ( especially you. Have strong feelings about putting a comma after it four words, use, a... We use the comma, otherwise you do n't people have strong feelings about putting a comma so! Phrase, an absolute phrase, and remember / logo © 2020 Exchange... Really strange to a non-native speaker, but the grammar books agree this! Boys to separate it from a complete thought do not use one after 'Dear ' in list! Sentence, put a comma after it the extra info phrase, and a prepositional phrase ever! 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Clauses, without using a coordinating conjunction those cases show, old!!