RI, J.S. Green leaves turn dusky burgundy in fall. This shrub adapts to dry and sandy soils. Gray dogwood is stoloniferous, producing lateral runners that send up new growth, so this shrub can form a small thicket, though not quite as … A diagnostic feature of rough-leaved dogwood, however, is a rough-hairy upper leaf surface. Pale dogwood has leaves with a smooth upper surface, … Gray dogwood (stiff dogwood) (C. foemina) grows in swamps, bottomland forests, moist upland forests in ravines, banks of streams and rivers, margins of ponds and lakes, bases of bluffs, fens, acid seeps, and edges of bottomland and upland prairies; also fencerows, old fields, ditches, railroads, and roadsides. All Characteristics, the bark of an adult plant is ridged or plated, the bark of an adult plant is thin and smooth, the underside of the leaf has hairs on it, the upper side of the leaf is fuzzy or hairy, the upper side of the leaf is not hairy, or has very few hairs, the leaf blade is elliptic (widest near the middle and tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is lanceolate (lance-shaped; widest below the middle and tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is oblong (rectangular but with rounded ends), the leaf blade is ovate (widest below the middle and broadly tapering at both ends). (Lam.) Gray dogwood tolerates a broad range of soils and suckers readily to form multi-stemmed stands of shrubs, making it a useful natural hedge. the state. Young stems are pale green, yellowish green, or red; they are devoid of hairs. Your Gray Dogwood has a lot to recommend it. If the leaves are light-green, prickly, or crispy, the tree needs more water. Its flowers, which bloom in June or July, are white and loosely clustered, and its white fruit, which appears in September and October, is set off by bright red fruit-stalks. Like gray dogwood, white flowers form upright clusters, and its fruits consist of white berries borne on red pedicels. -medium green to gray- green leaves are about 3" long -opposite, narrow elliptical, and acuminate, with major leaf veins parallel to the curving leaf margins -autumn color is a mixture of green, purple, and red in Oct. and is usually not showy (Wetland indicator code: Box 200 Columbia, MO 65205 Phone: (888) 843-6739 | General Inquiries: info@moprairie.org | Outreach or Educational Inquiries: outreach@moprairie.org The Missouri Prairie Foundation is a 501(c)3 organization. Young branches and twigs are brown to red; older branches are gray. to exist in the county by of native plants for a particular purpose. The dogwood leaves are oppositely arranged and are 1.5 – 3.2 “(4–8 cm) long. Cornus is the Latin name for dogwood, and racemosa refers to the type of compound flower arrangement (raceme). The 4-inch long, lance-shaped foliage is an elegant grey-hued, green that turns a dusky purple/red for autumn. These leaves also boast a unique acruate veination. The flowers attract butterflies and the unusual white fruits draw in birds. You may unsubscribe at any time. donations to help keep this site free and up to date for Soil / Climate: Gray Dogwood is tolerant of both moist and dry sites. State documented: documented Tough and adaptable, Cornus racemosa (Gray Dogwood) is a thicket-forming, deciduous shrub with an excellent blue-green foliage of elliptic to lance-shaped leaves, up to 4 in. populations both exist in a county, only native status racemosa (Lam.) Emails send from the Missouri Prairie Foundation. Gray dogwood (Cornus racemosa) is rangy and even a little scraggly, with suckers springing up all around it. To reuse an Fruit: Dull white, … The leaves have fewer lateral veins (3-4 pairs) than other dogwood species. Copyright: various copyright holders. long (10 cm). (intentionally or Autumn leaf color is bronze to red-maroon. Use only with permission. unintentionally); has become naturalized. Named for the rough textured leaves, it has fleshy white fruit, dark green foliage that turns burgundy red fall color. Underside of a Gray Dogwood leaf. White berries develop on red pedicels adorning the shrub which are relished by a number of bird species. Rough-leaved dogwood is an irregularly branched thicket-forming shrub or small, spreading tree. a sighting. Young branches and twigs are brown to red; older branches are gray. Swida racemosa Gray Dogwood Cornus racemosa The Gray Dogwood is small to medium sized shrub, typically growing to a height of 6 to 10 feet. Its leaves are opposite, taper-pointed … Winter interest isn't bad: second and third-year wood is and earthy chalk red; first year twiglets are deep, glossy ruby. Green leaves turn dusky burgundy in fall. Water the tree to a depth of three feet, and observe the leaves for signs of over or under watering. The flowers mature to white fruits in the late summer. Ranges from Maine to Manitoba. View our Resource Guide of garden centers, seed sources, landscapers, education resources, and more! The Go Botany project is supported Found this plant? to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within Gray Dogwood is useful as a wildlife plant, in a larger, mixed wildlife hedgerow or allowed to colonize near a stand of tall trees where it will form an attractive … They are found in the Northeastern quarter of the United States and Southeastern … The gray dogwood is native to the eastern and midwestern United States and southern Canada. In late spring to early summer, small creamy-white flowers appear in flattened clusters and provide a great floral show. Tiny, yellowish-white flowers appear in flat-topped clusters (to 2.5” diameter) in late spring. Non-native: introduced In spring, creamy white flowers will display for a week to ten days. Discover thousands of New England plants. P.O. Dogwood (Cornus spp.) post You may unsubscribe at any time. Federal Tax ID: 23-7120753Content ownership Missouri Prairie Foundation. As its name indicates, Gray Dogwood has gray bark, and its leaves have 3 or 4 veins per side. you. The gray dogwood is native to the eastern and midwestern United States and southern Canada. - 01) The gray (sometimes spelled "grey") dogwood is a native shrub or bush with numerous stems that can typically be found in moist or rocky ground along streams, ponds, wet meadows, glade and thickets. Dogwood blight, also known as dogwood anthracnose for the fungal pathogen that causes the disease, is a fairly new problem. We do not share email addresses. evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). Also covers Autumn color is dull red. is shown on the map. Gray dogwood is a native shrub. Wildlife Uses The berries of grey dogwood are used by a plethora of wildlife species, including white-tailed deer, squirrel, and many species … It is the only dogwood in the State with this leaf characteristic. It is believed to have started in the northeastern United States about 25 years ago, but has been spreading southward ever since. How to Get Rid of Powdery Mildew on Dogwood. The fall leaves are dark reddish purple, and while the color is interesting, you wouldn’t call it attractive. 3. The leaves are a lush green in color, with an elliptical to lanceolate shape. Full Sun, Medium Sun/Average Shade, Shade. The flowers mature to white fruits in the late summer. Gray Dogwood can make a nice open hedge. It is a member of the dogwood … 1/4 inch angular spots on leaves (fall) Septoria: 1/4 inch round spots on leaves (fall) Phyllosticta: Leaf and Flower Blights : Gray, fuzzy growth on terminal leaves and flowers: Botrytis cinerea: Blighted leaves and flowers, causes defoliation: Dogwood Anthracnose (Discula) Leaf Yellowing: Leaves may also have sooty mold: Calico Scale: Leaves … Go Botany: Native Plant Trust The late spring flowers appear as clusters of white blossoms that later … Take a photo and Cornus racemosa, commonly called gray dogwood, is a deciduous shrub which is native to Missouri and typically occurs in moist or rocky ground along streams, ponds, wet meadows, glade and prairie margins, thickets and rocky bluffs. 2020 (Gray Dogwood (Cornus racemosa Lam.) Distinctive red flower stems contrast with the white berries. The Missouri Prairie Foundation is a 501(c)3 organization. Flowers lack the showy bracts of flowering dogwood (Cornus florida), being more similar in appearance to the flowers of gray dogwood … The white winter berries only last a short time and don’t add much to the appearance of the shrub. Distinctive red flower stems contrast with the white berries. Note: when native and non-native Rough-leaved dogwood is a native large shrub or small tree, often mistaken for gray dogwood. NH, The twigs are grey, rather than brown, and a lovely contrast to the new growth which begins as red. Fruit is white 1/4 inch berries on red stalks, and persists until early winter. Cornus racemosa Lam, gray dogwood, is a thickly branched, slow growing dogwood seldom more than 6 feet high at maturity. Cornus is the Latin name for dogwood, and racemosa refers to the type of compound flower arrangement (raceme). It is scattered nearly … Not the case with the gray dogwood; it’s a healthy variety that resists the diseases common to many dogwoods. Some references have separated the dogwoods out of the Cornus genus into Swida, making Gray Dogwood Swida racemosa, but this is not universally accepted and not currently recognized in Minnesota. In the autumn, the foliage changes to a striking red shade (2). Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), floodplain (river or stream floodplains), forests, meadows and fields, Occurs in wetlands or non-wetlands. Federal Tax ID: 23-7120753. Gray dogwood has round-topped clusters of creamy white flowers borne on red pedicels. Handsome in fall and winter. Grow Native! Check out the Grow Native! Show Best used for naturalizing in moist areas. Notes: Leaves are narrow to oval, 1 to 5 inches long. state. In late summer, … those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). The shrub grows to about 6-8 ft. Another common name is the panicled dogwood. If the leaves are droopy, green-gray, or enlarged, the tree needs less water. We depend on Muskingum Gray Dogwood is a dense multi-stemmed deciduous shrub with an upright spreading habit of growth. Your help is appreciated. Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. It grows 10-15' tall and features white flowers borne in terminal racemes (hence the species name of racemosa) in late spring and grayish-green, elliptic to lance-shaped leaves … Cornus racemosa, the northern swamp dogwood, gray dogwood or panicle dogwood, is a shrubby plant native to southeastern Canada and the northeastern United States. Exact status definitions can vary from state to in 20 years). Nice! Dogwood Leaf Scorch Leaf scorch is a common problem in dogwood tress, and a sign that your tree is under water stress. • ; Succeeding fields, riparian forests, roadsides, forests. Picked out your plants? We do not share email addresses. All rights reserved. The bark of older branches is gray or gray-brown and slightly roughened from the abundant small lenticels. The Gray Dogwood is a native, gray-stemmed, thickly branched shrub. Cornus racemosa 'Hurzam' - 'Hurzam' (Huron™) is a select Gray Dogwood growing only 4 to 5 feet tall, its habit rounded.Teeming small creamy white flattened domes are numerous in June making the shrub showy when in bloom. Dome-shaped clusters of small white flowers May-July give way to clusters of small white berries on short red stalks. Empty fruit cluster in mid-winter. They are … Flower: Species is monoecious; small, dull white in upright racemes, about 2 inches across appearing in late early summer. in part by the National Science Foundation. of garden centers, seed sources, landscapers, education resources, and more! symbol: CORA6 Leaf: Opposite, simple, ovate to elliptical, entire with arcuate veins, 2 1/2 to 5 inches long, dark green above, lighter below. Gray dogwood has round-topped clusters of creamy white flowers borne on red pedicels. Gray Dogwood leaves turn red and orange in the fall. N. gray dogwood. All images and text © C. paniculata L’Hér. The leaves have fewer lateral veins (3-4 pairs) than other dogwood species. CT, MA, ME, Can you please help us? Grows best in moist, well-drained soil but adapts to almost any soil condition. For details, please check with your state. Dogwoods, even native species, are often affected by many pests and diseases. Use in hedgerows, for naturalizing and along streams and ponds. May be difficult to find in nurseries. C. racemosa Lam. The leaf tip is long and slender, the base is rounded or tapered. County documented: documented Moldenke Wilson; Common name refers to its elliptic to oval leaves (to 5” long) that are rough above and downy below. recognizes our 2020 sponsors (as of February 10, 2020) and thanks them for their generous support. The leaves may be confused with those of Pagoda Dogwood (Cornus alternifolia), which are typically not as broad, are alternate, and have 5 or 6 veins per side, where Round-leaved Dogwood leaves have 6 to 9 veins per side, are opposite and typically much rounder, plus the shrub's form lacks the layered branches of Pagoda Dogwood. The leaves are simple and opposite with prominent curved lateral veins as in all dogwoods. The pith of the twig is white. The pith of the twig is white. Cornus foemina P. Mill. image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. A thicket forming shrub that will produce large colonies. Will spread to form thickets if root suckers are not removed. This plant then transform come fall showcasing purple foliage in fall. Opposite leaves up to 4" long and 1½" across occur at intervals along these stems; they are lanceolate to ovate and smooth along their margins. Grat dogwood has 3 or 4 veins per side. Learn about the Native Environment(s) inhabited by the plants in this database. Committee’s Top Ten picks of native plants for a particular purpose. Also covers those considered historical (not seen It has a round headed with a profusion of creamy white flowers followed by white fruits borne on bright red bracts. The gray dogwood’s numerous small, creamy white flowers are less showy than the ones of the flowering dogwood… Dogwood leaves: Gray dogwood has green leaves that are lance-shaped and have fewer veins than other dogwood species. Orange in the late summer inches long gray dogwood leaf the bark of older branches are gray 1.5 3.2... Grows best in moist, well-drained soil but adapts to almost any condition. Contrast with the gray dogwood has gray bark, and more 1.5 – 3.2 “ ( 4–8 cm ).... Small creamy-white flowers appear in flattened clusters and provide a great floral show in 20 years ) are by! 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