In 1421: The Year China Discovered America, Gavin Menzies presents evidence that China not only discovered North and South America before Columbus was born, but also rounded the Cape of Good Hope, explored the North and South Poles, discovered Australia, and circumnavigated the world, visiting every continent except Europe. India is on the right, the Arabian P, center and Africa, lled with a lake is on the left. It was Arabs who invented, It was Arabs who brought merchant trade to China. I believe that Menzies has done what many others before him have done. Menzies Thesen werden von Fachhistorikern als Fiktion abgelehnt. New York: William Morrow. Ptolemy devised maps and globes with latitude and longitude some 500 years earlier, mention the Arab science of Qiyās which was the early science behind the development of the. Paperback. In the very next paragraph Menzies quotes, whether beyond the Cape of Good Hope it was possible to navigate to India…. But Menzies is convinced that, Da Conti sailed with the Chinese around Africa to the shores of P. up and then implies that the Portuguese must have gotten their maps from the Chinese. Menzies has put together other interesting evidence, such as the carved stone, on the island of Corvo o the coast of Portugal which displays a man seated upon, a horse, his head uncovered and bald, his left hand on his horse and his right hand, pointing towards the west. He served in the Royal Navy between 1953 and 1970. But Menzies is convinced that it was the Chinese. 552 pp. This opinionated essay discusses the role of intellectual and instrumental values in scientific fields, and the way these values evolve due to internal and external forces. I concluded that it could only have been the Chinese. Rather than researching the writings of various scholars on either, side of this argument, Menzies looks at some Arab maps in the British Library and dismissed, the Arabs since they could not tell time, assuming that this was the only way to calculate. Menzies’ argument can be summed up by a statement he makes on page 415. Wubei Zhi, The Records of Armaments and Military Provisions, Wu Pei Chih, Pp. The Chinese had circumnavigated the world and provided this information to the courts of Europe. N, matter, if the evidence is true, then it points to a single Chinese junk being blown o course, across the Pacic where it nally crashes on the N, wreck and seek shelter in California, eventually starting their own colony inland, far from the, sea. In his bestselling book, "1421: The Year China Discovered America," British amateur historian Gavin Menzies turns the story of the Europeans' discovery of America on its ear with a startling idea: Chinese sailors beat Christopher Columbus to the Americas by more than 70 years. Chinese calendar: 庚子年 (Metal ... 1421 MCDXXI: Korean calendar: 3754: Minguo calendar: 491 before ROC 民前491年: Nanakshahi calendar −47: Thai solar calendar: 1963–1964: Tibetan calendar: 阳金鼠年 (male Iron-Rat) 1547 or 1166 or 394 — to — 阴金牛年 (female Iron-Ox) 1548 or 1167 or 395: Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1421. In this century there is no, Men have come hither (to Iceland) from Cathay in the Orient, as far back as 721 AD the Chinese had realized, ” Bravo. Controversial historian Gavin Menzies is claiming that this map from 1418 proves that the New World was discovered by China's Admiral Zheng He some 70 years before Columbus. 1, Cambridge 1954, pp at is: assume that they are researching the very rst cross-Atlantic voyages, thus not, taking into account that others may have been there before. ey would have had much less of a problem. 117-141. On page 332 Menzies claims to have examined a collection of old Arab maps and states, to the Cantino of 1502. Is Menzies a fraud or simply an uninformed fool? P. direct evidence that the great treasure eets of Zheng He ever took part in this trade. Articles, Reviews Vol. The Year China Discovered America”. CDN$23.75. ere w. that strife had arisen between them and the Chinese. was Arabs who traded between Europe, India and China. In chapter fteen Menzies continues along the same logic. Tibbetts, G, R., Arab Navigaton, Oriental Tanslation Fund, New Series Volume 559-561, 577. In the center of the rock is a further inscription and a cross which documents, It seems that the author is feeding us fables. 1421, The Year China Discovered the World Menzies pieces together many, types of circumstantial evidence, but do they stand up to scrutiny? of Chinese in California, but no clear evidence that a treasure eet ever visited those shores. Did, China travel the world, carefully mapping out distant coasts along Antarctica and, America? It appears that M, totally missed the fact that the Arabs were the sea merchants of the Indian Ocean (and, beyond) from the time of Christ until the 1500’, and Persian merchants living in Canton China! Gavin Menzies: August 14th 1937- April 12th, 2020. With Larry Belling, Esmond Bradley Martin. Report of the President’s Commission on Implementation of United States Space Exploration Policy Moon, Mars and Beyond … June 2004 A Journey to Inspire, Innovate, and Discover . "The book '1421, The Year China Discovered America' is a fairytale and a fiction" An article by Dr Geoff Wade, history expert, National University of Singapore. Should we bother to read on? See also: Editorial Introduction to Nicolò de' Conti's Account, Kennon Breazeale. Columbus discovered America in 1492, any elementary school student will tell you. By Gavin Menzies. Menzies uses this map to demonstrate, that the Chinese knew to sail around the southern tip of Africa to reach Europe. The Records of Armaments and Military Provisions. In 520 pages, Menzies puts together a fantastic account of seven incredible voyages. the authors give a detailed account of how the Americas were populated by seaborne voyages over the years... '1421' and '1434' explore the Chinese contribution to world discovery, and to the Italian Renaissance respectively. So that the present map is as correct and reliable for, the Seven Seas as the map of these our countries is considered correct and r, is part of the map was clearly drawn from several other earlier maps. The book, 1421: The Year China discovered the World, made the controversial claim that a Chinese admiral and eunuch, Zheng He, sailed around the world and discovered America on the way. He totally misunderstands the Arab navigational system that used nautical manuals known, In Chapter 16 Menzies begins to describe to us the world from a 1470’, help from the Arabs, and that they used the Arab names for the star navigation, Arab, charts and Arab navigators to guide them. In 1421 China was a great imperial power. Did China discover AMERICA? world, as other nations had been sailing the oceans of the world for centuries before this. He then uses the highly questionable, mentions that Needham states that there are more than 20 dier, journeys when of course the Chinese could have simply journeyed north overland. But Menzies seems totally unaware that, the best Arabic medieval maps, such as those of Al Idrisi, bear no comparison in detail or accur, “One can only imagine the extraordinary impact these carts, based, e Records of Armaments and Military Provisions. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. Mr. Menzies, a former submarine commander in the British Royal Navy, discussed his controversial book [1421: The Year China Discovered America], published by … Menzies’ next chapter on an expedition to the N, fact that the Chinese had square rigged shipped and would have had a hard time sailing, west, unless they had traveled around Greenland. e rest of the, chapter presents long argued opinions on cross-Atlantic trade, this time however with, a Chinese twist. advised the explorers to take along Arabic speaking men not Chinese speaking men! cartography of Antilia was amazingly good. In 1434, Gavin Menzies offers a stunning reappraisal of history, presenting compelling new evidence on the European Renaissance, tracing its roots to China. This article can also be found at the Monthly Review website , where most recent articles are published in full. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. This site is a legacy site for Gavin Menzies. suggesting that the Chinese and the Mayans used an identical method. In a theory proposed by Gavin Menzies, supposedly the year that Chinese explorer Hong Bao and Zhou Wen discovered the Americas, beating Columbus by about 70 years. Sea travel was forbidden once again and all exploration suddenly ceased. But what kind of evidence does he produce, for Chinese treasure eets sailing around the world? He talks about “. 1421 is a very late date to discover the. CDN$24.73. 1/2 (Jul., 1985), pp. Menzies quotes several studies, but does not provide us with the names of these, studies, or indeed any footnotes that would help a researcher check out his claims. Book Review 1421, The Year China Discovered the World, Review By Dan Gibson for Nabataea, 2003 Menzies provides us with, only one Portuguese-Chinese connection through Da Conti, who returned from the East, by 1424, in disguise because he had converted to Islam. PDF | Book Review 1421, The Year China Discovered the World by Gavin Menzies, Bantam Press, 2002 Review By Dan Gibson for Nabataea | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate Menzies’ book is the only one suggesting such an idea, and he does little to. Why does M, not tell us that Megallan had access to Arab maps? As part of the defeat agreement, Taiwan was handed over to Japan. 1421: The Year China Discovered America Gavin Menzies. e huge eet of Admiral Zheng He made at least one, voyage around the Indian ocean before China again became self focused. It is commonly said that "Columbus discovered America." 2, No. crossing the seas for many centuries. Obviously some people had been. But for some reason Menzies thinks this is somehow proof of a Chinese connection! Er stellte die umstrittene Hypothese auf, dass Amerika und andere Gebiete der Erde in den Jahren 1421 bis 1423 von den Chinesen im Rahmen einer Weltumsegelung entdeckt wurden. China’s regional dominance plummeted after losing and influenced a series of internal clashes over the next 16 years. Maps of the Ancient Sea Kings: Evidence of Advanced Civilization in the Ice Age, Review: Dan Zahavi: Subjectivity and Selfhood: Investigating the First-Person Perspective, Review of polynomia and related realms by Dan Kalman, Review of The Near East Behind the Scenes: Memoirs of a Diplomat and Journalist (1952-2012)