Your microbes are surface feeders and begin chewing on the outside of the material. 0000011194 00000 n Composting 101 Prepared by the HLS Green Team and Green Living Program, updated February 2011 Americans generated 31.8 million tons of food waste in 2008 (12% of the total waste stream) and only 2.5% was composted. Worm Composting 101 Ron Wolford Urban Horticulture Questions and Answers Regarding Worms Can a worm see? 0000016032 00000 n Home composting is a great way to be greener and do something good for the environment while seeing major benefits right at home. 3. Pinterest; Facebook; Twitter; Email; Composting. /BleedBox [0.0 1.0000236 612.0 793.0] 2. COMPOSTING 101 Are you tired of storing smelly food waste in your house until trash day? 0000002797 00000 n 0000060400 00000 n Q Air circulation is vital. Composting 101 What we accept in our bins Thanks for Composting! According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, food waste accounts for almost 22 percent of all waste that goes into municipal landfills, more than any other single material in our everyday trash.Beyond keeping food waste out of landfills, composting has other benefits as well, turning food scraps and plant clippings into nutrient-rich soil. Smaller pieces decay faster. /G0 6 0 R /ExtGState << 1 0 obj In other words, it is the process of taking organic materials, such as leaves, vegetables, fruits, logs, eggshells, coffee grounds, banana peels and dead animals and placing them in a pile or container along with water. h�bb�g`b``Ń3� ���� � `B stream 7 0 obj >> >> 361 0 obj <>stream 2. ARKANSAS DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY COMPOSTING 101 INSIDE THIS ISSUE: WHY COMPOST? �17�`u`��(���PȠ������܀8�쿵�43�� �c`�f��=P�D��i���=b! you can gently mix it into the top few inches of soil, or mulch around individual plants or rows. Composting has many benefits and is a wonderful way to reduce your food waste, grow a thriving garden, and contribute to a healthier planet. T 0000033158 00000 n They are roughly the same idea, though bins can definitely be a time-saver when composting, while piles can be almost unlimited in size. Composting 101 Composting is not only a great way to minimize the waste you are producing, but it will also help your garden flourish! Gardeners have used compost for centuries to improve their soil and to supply essential nutrients for plant growth. 2���La� S��9�= /F1 15 0 R 0000004759 00000 n 0000271375 00000 n Composting 101. 0000060835 00000 n /ca 1 0000004093 00000 n /G0 6 0 R /X5 22 0 R /Resources << Basics Compost helps improve soil •Improves texture & moisture-holding capacity of your existing soil •Loosens heavy clay & bulks up sandy soil •Revitalizes Microlife in your existing soil Compost is a natural process •Microorganisms (the heat makers) •Other helpers (break up particles, mix materials & move microbes) •Biggest helper –YOU –collect, layer and turn, water Are you concerned that food in landfills contributes to climate change? /TrimBox [0.0 1.0000236 612.0 793.0] >> << /Type /Catalog 0000004232 00000 n Add a shovelful or two of soil or finished compost. Composting 101 Composting Basics Composting is a fast, easy, and inexpensive way to build topsoil for your garden. stream %���� �k⇻�GY�sV�X��B�����˅�p>G�P���Ѣ�F�8����]x����W}�.#�"�T�^K+Ӌ"������4���w_�}�����h ?�?������/oy�;��i�A!rK�w����:�Y�Q�~�]/)\�޷�����!�>Ϟn��B�@N(G�YZ��/?.��K�=.�\}K��H�^�X�����hx�����/�����W�����7m��Sy?����}F)���>�2�� /MediaBox [0.0 1.0000236 612.0 793.0] 9 0 obj The fresh waste has a higher nitrogen content while the old, dry waste has a higher carbon content. /Height 333 Composting using Bokashi. Compost Bins and Piles. �����z���p���g���_���X���Q���K���F���Aǿ�=ȼ�:ɹ�8ʷ�6˶�5̵�5͵�6ζ�7ϸ�9к�܊�ݖ�ޢ�)߯�6��D���S���c���s���� ����2��F���[���p������(��@���X���r������4���P���m��������8���W���w����)���K���m��desc .IEC 61966-2-1 Default RGB Colour Space - sRGB XYZ b� �� �XYZ P meas XYZ 3 �XYZ o� 8� �sig CRT desc -Reference Viewing Condition in IEC 61966-2-1 XYZ �� �-text Copyright International Color Consortium, 2009 sf32 D ����&. /BM /Normal What To Compost and How To Do It Composting at home is easy – with a little know-how, keeping your compost pile efficient, odorless and pest-free is a cinch. • Generally not recommended for at home composting systems. 0000401231 00000 n 0000061176 00000 n /ca .149019614 /Resources << See … 0000273213 00000 n 0000010060 00000 n September 19, 2020 [Event Icon] Cattail Duck Decoy Workshop. /Type /Page /BM /Normal Say hi at: info@downtoearthcomposting.com, or visit us at www.downtoearthcomposting.com YES! ң��!�H3�v� �,[� � vued Composting is a natural form of recycling that turns certain waste into organic material that can be used in a variety of ways. An increasing number of products labeledwith terms such as “biobased,” “biodegradable,” and “compostable,” are being developed applications. Adding compost im-proves soil structure Compost improves the disease/insect re-sistance of plants Compost makes good, inexpensive mulch Nearly two-thirds of our trash is organic and could be compost-ed Yard waste is banned from Arkansas land-fills . %PDF-1.4 Composting 101 by Billi Haug, UC Master Gardener, Master Composter COMPOSTING IN THREE SIMPLE STEPS STEP 1 – GATHER YOUR YARD WASTE Yard waste is either fresh and moist, or old and dry. Food Share Toronto, 2004. | meas 305 57 1 1 1 RG 1 1 1 rg /I true Related Meetings & Events [Event Icon] Couples Saturday Night Golf Outing. 0000000016 00000 n !H!u!�!�!�"'"U"�"�"�# 0000430307 00000 n The basics of composting involve controlling four elements of your pile: air, water, temperature, and food. Then it sounds like you’re ready for backyard composting! <]/Prev 530010/XRefStm 1894>> Browns are a source of carbon, and provide energy for the microbes. Do you compost? /BM /Normal you simply cannot do it wrong. In simple terms, it's making homemade manure out of everyday ingredients (like << Welcome to your crash-course introduction on all things compost. endobj Composting 101. >> Hot compost, worm compost, compost tea… oh my! H�\�ۊ�@E�������R7 �ڂsa�����N`LB��)k-L ����>U'�����E�ӏ������w���['���YY��o�D�4S�����:��~8��j%�_�x��]�����^����x��9���p�����Y��E�N᏾5����D���]����-�g�����b�O�������O����e��(��T6PU��:�ީ-� �j;h�,��HUI� I���$d!- I�BA� q�q-Q0&����zE]?����и��и������3Ш��K2�T*��B���P0(�er�g�S����)cL�5��C�NJ���a��I&�9+�Yi�j�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D6&����b�\�۲��9��ǵ�'�v��y�%�hܓdž����i�D�z��? Examples are fruit or vegetable kitchen waste and yard clippings. COMPOSTING 101 Standard Method 1. >> Get the ingredient mix right. They are, however, sensitive to light, particularly at their front ends. The result is compost. If you are thinking of using compost that you made yourself instead of buying it from your favorite garden store, /G2 8 0 R >> 8 0 obj WHAT IS COMPOST? By composting food scraps, yard waste, and other ingredients, you create nutrient-rich compost to add to your garden and landscape, and you minimize the waste sent to landfills. Compost is the product … >> The result is compost. 0000005783 00000 n /Type /Group If you have a lot of coarse organic materials, you may want to chop or shred them into smaller pieces. Jokes? 0000033799 00000 n endstream endobj 317 0 obj <> endobj 318 0 obj <>stream W* n … The microbes – bacteria and fungi – need oxygen to metabolize and do their job. /S /Transparency /X3 20 0 R Composting and organics recycling 101 Composting is a microbial process that converts waste from your kitchen and yard into a nutrient-rich soil amendment or mulch. • Compost allows the texture of the soil to work like a sponge, helping all soils retain moisture at the plants' root level longer. Want to turn kitchen and yard "trash" into garden treasure? 5 0 obj Composting this large amount of waste is a valuable solution. Compostable Plastics 101 . /Author (admin2680) 3 0 obj 0000002938 00000 n the composting process, and any supplementary additives determine the end product. Learn the basics about composting and how this DIY soil amendment can benefit your garden. Composting saves money For your home : use less “Pay As You Throw” town trash bags by keeping food out of your bag; use less leaf bags for yard waste For your town : less trash pickup = lower trucking/hauling, trash disposal costs (save money for roads, sidewalks, parks, snow … ^�W����La� S�)�f Composting 101 Prepared by the HLS Green Team and Green Living Program, updated February 2011 Americans generated 31.8 million tons of food waste in 2008 (12% of the total waste stream) and only 2.5% was composted. This process of decomposition creates compost, or rich soil. (q(�(�))8)k)�)�**5*h*�*�++6+i+�+�,,9,n,�,�--A-v-�-�..L.�.�.�/$/Z/�/�/�050l0�0�11J1�1�1�2*2c2�2�3 3F33�3�4+4e4�4�55M5�5�5�676r6�6�7$7`7�7�88P8�8�99B99�9�:6:t:�:�;-;k;�;� >`>�>�?! Compost is the secret to many gardeners' thriving plants. Why Compost? /Title (Compost 1pager) Composting 101: Recommended Reading. how to compost organic composting 101 pdf Favorite eBook Reading How To Compost Organic Composting 101 TEXT #1 : Introduction How To Compost Organic Composting 101 By Paulo Coelho - Jul 01, 2020 Best Book How To Compost Organic Composting 101 , gardeners love compost because it is so rich in nutrients and adds so much value when you add it to your soil composting is really just natures … 0000007606 00000 n Composting is the recycling of natural ingredients—think potato peels and carrot stems from your kitchen—and the trimmings from your lawn. There is A LOT more to know about composting if you want to further your education. Composting 101 www.composting101.com 5. >> /X0 9 0 R /CreationDate (D:20190108170708+00'00') Now for the meat of composting 101. /BBox [0 0 612 538] /Type /Pages 0000024693 00000 n 3. /Type /XObject 305 0 obj <> endobj << Composting takes your unwanted organic byproducts and converts them into nutrient‐rich soil. /Pages 2 0 R organics in a “hot composting” system that is controlled either in vessel or reaches high enough temperatures for long enough periods. << 0000015074 00000 n 0000053677 00000 n The success of any compost pile is completely dependent upon the life within it. 0000011746 00000 n # ( - 2 7 ; @ E J O T Y ^ c h m r w | � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � %+28>ELRY`gnu|����������������&/8AKT]gqz������������ !-8COZfr~���������� -;HUcq~��������� +:IXgw��������'7HYj{�������+=Oat�������2FZn������� % : O d y � � � � � � Jokes? /ProcSets [/PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI] 9'���\�_ɯ�-yޑw�w�{䒙%2K��)=ك7� ���+a��V�#�\��)�!���|Q���l`�"�EV��} ��%�Kؗ�/�������������������������������Aٯ�_e�"S���Tf*2���Le��~���|e��~����]��b��F~s�9(砘�r�9(砘�q�9� �F�����o�7�� �F�����o�7�� �+�Y�pI��JȻ��|�X����sǚ�4��ZVz�+lTׇϭ���*��� ��= Read through the steps below to learn how to set up /Count 2 >> 0000053801 00000 n 0000014172 00000 n What Can I Compost.pdf. In other words, it is the process of taking organic materials, such as leaves, vegetables, fruits, logs, eggshells, coffee grounds, banana peels and dead animals and placing them in a pile or container along with water. 0 -1 612 538 re 0000060137 00000 n j Composting happens when plant matter (and sometimes animal matter like manure, feathers, bone or blood meal) decompose. 2 0 obj /Producer (Canva) Composting is the recycling of natural ingredients—think potato peels and carrot stems from your kitchen—and the trimmings from your lawn. f Compost will also help soil hold more moisture and allows plant roots to penetrate more easily. What to Look for in Compost For most compost applications you will want a finished product that has matured and stabilized. Add a layer of green materials. .75 0 0 .75 0 0 cm Adding a layer of homemade compost naturally gives your soil the nutrients it needs without harmful levels of phosphorus and with healthy levels of nitrogen.. /G1 7 0 R the only challenge is finding sufficient organic materials to make compost 101 - all about composting - gardeners supply amend soil each spring with a layer of compost. Comments? Composting 101: The Biology of Composting Presented by Cindy Sterling, Organics Specialist The Northeast Recycling Council. /X2 11 0 R You can dispose of grass clippings and yard waste and gain a valuable soil additive at the same time. /Creator (Canva) Try to maintain a ratio of 1 part greens to 3 parts browns. Compost this Book: The Art of Composting for Your Yard, Your Community, and the Planet. � $bkpt Home Composting 101 Contents Insects of the Soil Food Web 2 Compost Holding Units 3 Compost Turning Units 4 Portable Wood and Wire Bin 5 Wood and Wire 3 Bin System 7 Compost Ingredients Yes/No 9 Compost Q & As 11 Compost Troubleshooting 21 Sample Compost Recipes 22 Carbon Compound Breakdown 24 Compost Pile Temperature Graph 25 Oh Rats! 3. /X1 18 0 R Plus, creating it is actually quite simple. Home Composting 101 Contents Insects of the Soil Food Web 2 Compost Holding Units 3 Compost Turning Units 4 Portable Wood and Wire Bin 5 Wood and Wire 3 Bin System 7 Compost Ingredients Yes/No 9 Compost Q & As 11 Compost Troubleshooting 21 Sample Compost Recipes 22 Carbon Compound Breakdown 24 Compost Pile Temperature Graph 25 Oh Rats! /MediaBox [0.0 1.0000236 612.0 793.0] Compost differs from the sort of decomposition you see in nature in that human intervention speeds up the process. 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A Guide to Mid-Sized composting success Generally not recommended for at home in this.., Program Director 2 Mid-Sized composting success ; Twitter ; Email ; composting intimidated, get. Also help soil hold more moisture and allows plant roots to penetrate more easily need.