A city council resolution mandates that police officers "...may not request specific documents for the sole purpose of determining a person's civil immigration status, and may not initiate police action based solely on a person's civil immigration status ..."[61] Since 2010, the Durham police have accepted the Mexican Consular Identification Card as a valid form of identification.[62]. "But when we adjust for size, the Durham-Chapel Hill area, in the heart of North Carolina’s Research Triangle, ranks in the top 10 destinations for Asian (5th), white (6th) and black (7th) movers. Durham was incorporated as a city in 1869, but its history began long before that. QuickFacts Durham County, North Carolina; North Carolina. In its early history, before the development of the region’s railroad, Durham was an agricultural center. African slaves were brought to labor on these farms and plantations, and slave quarters became the hearth of distinctively Southern cultural traditions involving crafts, social relations, life rituals, music, and dance. These areas were known as East Durham and West Durham until they were eventually annexed by the City of Durham. [citation needed]. This was primarily because of the city’s thriving tobacco industry. The shifting alliances of the area's political action committees since the 1980s has led to a very active local political scene. The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54. Prior to the arrival of the railroad, the area now known as Durham was the eastern part of present-day Orange County and was almost entirely agricultural, with a few businesses catering to travelers (particularly livestock drivers) along the Hillsborough Road. For every 100 females there are 88.9 males. The city faced some troubles in 1914 when a fire destroyed much of the downtown business district. There are also religious schools, including Trinity School of Durham and Chapel Hill. Duke Power (now Duke Energy) brought in electricity from hydroelectric dams in the western mountains of North Carolina through the newly invented technology of high voltage power lines. Its county seat is Durham. Partnering with developers from around the world, the city continues to promote the redevelopment of many of its former tobacco districts, projects supplemented by the earlier construction of the Durham Performing Arts Center and new Durham Bulls Athletic Park. The first two groups tend to be affiliated with Democratic party progressive activists, while the third group tends to attract Republican activists. At the time of its incorporation by the General Assembly, Durham was located in Orange County. North Carolina Central University is a public, historically black university located in southeastern Durham. [9], A railway depot was established on land donated by Bartlett S. Durham in 1849, the namesake of the city. The Dukes went on to become involved in the generation of electric power, establishing Duke Power, which is now known as Duke Energy and provided electricity to residents in North Carolina before eventually expanded to other states. For every 100 females, there were 92.5 males. 198,376. These businesses — the best known of which are North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company and Mechanics & Farmers Bank — were centered on Parrish St., which would come to be known as "Black Wall Street." It focuses on providing education in various forms of art ranging from visual to the performing arts.[53]. Amtrak operates a daily train between Charlotte and New York City (the Carolinian) which stops in downtown Durham. The downtown corridor along West Main St. has seen significant redevelopment including bars, entertainment venues, art studios,[31] and co-working spaces,[32] in addition to shopping and dining in nearby Brightleaf Square, another former tobacco warehouse in the Bright Leaf Historic District. Merge Records, a successful independent record label, has its headquarters in downtown Durham. Durham is located in the east-central part of the Piedmont region at 35°59′19″N 78°54′26″W / 35.98861°N 78.90722°W / 35.98861; -78.90722 (35.988644, −78.907167). The Durham Art Walk features a variety of artists that come together each year for a large showcase of work in the streets of Durham. [55] Duke competes in a total of 26 sports in the Atlantic Coast Conference. National Public Radio affiliate WUNC, based in Chapel Hill, has significant operations in Durham. Multiple sit-ins were held, and Martin Luther King Jr., visited the city during the struggle for equal rights. DADA strives to support local artists working in a diversity of artistic media. [69] Duke's 8600 acre campus and Medical Center are located in western Durham, about 2 miles (3.2 km) from downtown. It is located on Parrish Street. Popular bands and musicians include Branford Marsalis, Iron & Wine, Carolina Chocolate Drops, The Mountain Goats, John Dee Holeman, 9th Wonder, Red Clay Ramblers, The Old Ceremony, Megafaun, Curtis Eller, Mount Moriah, Hiss Golden Messenger, Sylvan Esso, Mel Melton, Hammer No More the Fingers, Yahzarah, G Yamazawa, and Jim Mills. The new Durham County Justice Center was completed in early 2013. It was founded in 1998 and then incorporated in 2000. As both armies passed through Durham, Hillsborough, and surrounding Piedmont communities, they enjoyed the mild flavor of the area's Brightleaf Tobacco, which was considered more pleasant to smoke or chew than was available back home after the war. In 1910, Dr. James E. Shepard founded North Carolina Central University, the nation's first publicly supported liberal arts college for African-Americans. On the Duke University campus are the neo-Gothic Duke Chapel and the Nasher Museum of Art. The racial composition of the city was: 42.45% White, 40.96% Black or African American, 5.07% Asian American, 0.51% Native American, 0.07% Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, 8.28% some other race, and 2.66% two or more races; 14.22% were Hispanic or Latino of any race. The population in Durham is 257,232. 267,587. Below is a list of Durham's largest employers.[46]. 18.7% of Asian residents of Durham, North Carolina live below the poverty line. With a 2020 population of 483,579, it is the 2nd largest city in North Carolina (after Charlotte) and the 40th largest city in the United States. Total population in Durham ; Total Population: 228,330; Male Population: 108,556; Female Population: 119,774 10.02% of residents are not US citizens. 4.5%. A secondary magnet school, Durham School of the Arts, is also located in downtown Durham. [citation needed], Durham's location is a result of the needs of the 19th century railroad industry. Males had a median income of $35,202 versus $30,359 for females. The per capita income for the city was $27,156. Set in North Carolina’s Piedmont region, Durham is best known as part of the North Carolina Research Triangle. In an effort to create safer roadways for vehicles, bicyclists, and pedestrians, drivers can enroll in Durham's Pace Car Program and agree to drive the speed limit, stop at all stop signs, stop at all red lights, and stop to let pedestrians cross the street. Suburban Stats. Roxboro, Fayetteville and Hillsborough Roads remain major thoroughfares in Durham, although they no longer exactly follow their early 19th century rights-of-way. These were large, noisy, and smoky coal-fired plants located next to the railroad tracks. Roots label Sugar Hill Records was founded in Durham, by Barry Lyle Poss,[50] before it moved to Nashville in 1998. At this time (1910–1920), the few towns and cities in North Carolina that had electricity depended on local "powerhouses". Durham was incorporated as a city in 1869. The average household size was 2.34, and the average family size was 3.04. Durham is also a national leader in health-related activities, which are focused on the Duke University Hospital and many private companies. Downtown Durham sponsors a celebration of culture and arts on display every third Friday of the month, year round. Tornado activity: Durham-area historical tornado activity is near North Carolina state average.It is 15% smaller than the overall U.S. average.. On 11/28/1988, a category F4 (max. Durham reached it's highest population of 287,865 in 2021. The American Underground section of the American Tobacco Campus, home to successful small software firms including Red Hat, was selected by Google to host its launch of the Google Glass Road show in October 2013. Durham Technical Community College is a two-year public institution that grants associate degrees. 40.0%. [23] The freeway construction resulted in losses to other historic neighborhoods, including Morehead Hills, West End, and West Durham. Non-stop daily service is provided to approximately 30 destinations in the United States and daily international service is also available to London Heathrow, Toronto-Pearson and Paris Charles de Gaulle. Over 34,000 people are employed by Duke University and the Duke University Health System. The median income for a household in the city was $47,394, and the median income for a family was $60,157. Large plantations, Hardscrabble, Cameron, Lipscomb, and Leigh among them, were established in the antebellum period. The allegations were made by Crystal Gail Mangum a young, female African-American student and mother of two young children. [73] Frequent service (five flights a day or more) is available to Philadelphia, Atlanta, New York LaGuardia, New York Kennedy, Newark, Washington Reagan, Washington Dulles, Chicago O'Hare, Dallas, Houston, Miami, and Charlotte. W.T. Notable groups include the Durham Committee on the Affairs of Black People, the Durham People's Alliance, and the Friends of Durham. Combined with large-scale demolition using Urban Renewal funds, Durham suffered significant losses to its historic architectural base. Durham receives abundant precipitation, with thunderstorms common in the summer and temperatures from 80 to 100 degrees F. The region sees an average of 6.8 inches (170 mm) of snow per year, which usually melts within a few days. The population development of Durham as well as related information and services (weather, Wikipedia, Google, images). There were free African-Americans in the area as well, including several who fought in the Revolutionary War. A center of Durham's culture is its Carolina Theatre, which presents concerts, comedy and arts in historic Fletcher Hall and Independent and repertory film in its cinemas. Durham is also home to art museums, a strong … 5.1%. The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 228,330 . The center of Durham is on a ridge that forms the divide between the Neuse River watershed, flowing east to Pamlico Sound, and the Cape Fear River watershed, flowing south to the Atlantic near Wilmington. Count: number of members in ethno-racial group 1 non-Hispanic 2 excluding black and Asian Hispanics. NCCU became a university in 1969 and joined the University of North Carolina system in 1972. The Durham Art Walk is another annual arts festival hosted in May each year in downtown Durham. Advocating non-violent confrontation with segregation laws for the first time, King said, "Let us not fear going to jail. Blackwell partnered with Green and renamed the company as the "Bull Durham Tobacco Factory". 321,488. Chart. The university was founded by James E. Shepard in 1910 as the National Religious Training School and Chautauqua to address the needs of the region's black population, and now grants baccalaureate, master's, professional and doctoral degrees. In 2007, all charges in the case were dropped and the players were declared innocent. A few successful local soul groups from Durham also recorded on national labels like United Artists or on regional labels in the mid-Atlantic and Northeast.[52]. [citation needed]. The race most likely to be in poverty in Durham is Hispanic, with 28.94% below the poverty level. Durham is part of the Raleigh-Durham-Fayetteville designated market area, the 24th largest broadcast television market in the United States. Duke University and Duke University Health System are Durham's largest employers. The fire department's water source failed during the blaze, prompting voters to establish a city-owned water system in place of the private systems that had served the city since 1887.[17]. Durham is the c… For every 100 females there are 88.9 males. The city is part of the Raleigh-Durham Arbitron radio market, ranked No. In the 1960s and 1970s, more than 40 R&B, soul, and funk groups—including The Modulations, The Black Experience Band, The Communicators, and Duralcha—recorded over 30 singles and three full-length albums. Durham maintains an extensive network of bicycle routes and trails and has been recognized with a Bicycle Friendly Community Award. The rapid growth and prosperity of the Bull Durham Tobacco Company, and Washington Duke's W. Duke & Sons Tobacco Company, resulted in the rapid growth of the city of Durham. While growth was slow before the war, the end of the Civil War brought about much more rapid population growth. On April 10, 2019, a gas explosion rocked Kaffeinate, a coffee shop in Bright Leaf Historic District. The city of Durham has seen rapid population growth throughout its history. The city is home to Duke University and is a diverse city that is known for its cultural events, schools and institutions, sports, music and the arts. Name County Population Census 2000-04 … The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.15%. Clear 1 Table. Durham also known as Bull City, is a city in and the county seat of Durham County in the U.S. state of North Carolina. The increase in business activity, land transfers etc., made the day long trip back and forth to the county seat in Hillsborough untenable, so twelve years later, on April 17, 1881, a bill for the establishment of Durham County was ratified by the General Assembly, having been introduced by Caleb B.Green, creating Durham County from the eastern portion of Orange County and the western portion of Wake County. Widely credited as the first sit-in of the Civil Rights Movement in North Carolina, on June 23, 1957, Moore and six others assembled at the church to plan the protest. The State of North Carolina, in cooperation with Amtrak, operates three additional daily trains between Raleigh and Charlotte which also stop in Durham. The early 1900s saw continued population growth because of the tobacco industry. The population density was 2,406.0 people per square mile (928.9/km2). 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