Adult least chipmunks mate over a period of four to six weeks from April–mid-July. From 1991 through 1999, euthanasia or relocation (>10 but <40 miles from point of capture) were allowed for other common species defined as game or fur-bearing mammals by the Wildlife Code. Outdoors, mice will nest in burrows but will move into structures to nest in attics, wall voids, cabinets, appliances and furniture. Around larger commercial facilities experiencing significant rodent activity, bait stations are often placed 75-feet apart around fence lines, spaced at 50-foot intervals against the building’s exterior, and indoors at 25-foot intervals along exterior walls. Franklin’s ground squirrels are labeled as a species of concern in Wisconsin. Proactive public educationcan prevent misconceptions and misinformation from arising, and thus save program employees time that might be spent answering questions from the public, special interest groups and media. It has two tan and five blackish longitudinal stripes on its back, and two tan and two brownish stripes on each side of its face. Consult your local conservation agency or USDA-APHIS-ADC personnel for the legal status of chipmunks in your state. All are active only during the day, and all but one are North American, occurring from southern Canada to west-central Mexico. Complete the U.S. Census by visiting! Chipmunks are not protected by federal law, but state and local regulations may apply. Eastern chipmunks mate two times a year, during early spring and again during the summer or early fall. Check with local extension agents or a USDA-APHIS-ADC personnel for possible Special Local Needs 24(c) registrations. For rats, use rat-size snap traps. Some states, (for example, Georgia, North Carolina and Arkansas) require a permit to kill nongame animals. This means the regulations that apply to conventional guns do not apply to firearms. Chipmunks are not protected by federal law, but state and local regulations may apply. Grain, pellet baits and pellets in place packs can be shaken out of stations and translocated (carried away) by rodents, creating a potential for poisoning non-target animals. Dumpsters should be placed as far away from structures as is practical, equipped with tight-fitting covers, and have no holes larger than ¼-inch. When chipmunks are present in large numbers they can cause structural damage by burrowing under patios, stairs, retention walls or foundations. Least Chipmunk To help prevent rodents from burrowing under the structure, a metal band should extend two feet below grade. Bait stations should be numbered and labeled, and their locations mapped. Agencies such as the public health department and university extension service can provide information and expertise on rodents and rodent control. The station should also have a card or label on which technicians can record the date each station is checked. Some become active on warm, sunny days during the winter and most chipmunks emerge from hibernation in early March. Eastern Chipmunk Today, plague still occurs, even in this country, along with other rodent-borne diseases including leptospirosis, hantavirus pulmonary syndrome, rat bite fever and food-borne diseases. This type of trap consists of a sticky film of glue applied to a backing of cardboard, wood or plastic. Of the hundreds of different kinds of wildlife that live in Illinois, only a handful can be legally hunted or trapped, and these are … Program information could also be incorporated into the city or local health department Website, allowing computer users to quickly ask and receive the information they seek. Traps are most useful against mice, because mice tend to be curious and rats suspicious. This enables rapid response to complaints and enforcement to eliminate conditions conducive to rodent propagation. All cervidae appears to be legal to possess in Illinois with only entry permits and health screening required to import them into the state, as they are considered livestock. As rats can enter structures through ½-inch holes and mice through ¼-inch holes, every effort should be made to seal these exterior entry points. Water management is also important for rat control. Liquid baits also are available. The eastern chipmunk and the thirteen-lined ground squirrels may be removed without a permit. The eastern chipmunk (Tamias striatus) and the least chipmunk (Eutamias minimas) are the two most widely distributed and notable species. Some of the images in this document were borrowed from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention publications. Doors should be kept closed, should clear floors by no more than ¼-inch and have metal kick plates attached to prevent rodents from gnawing on them. Rat burrowing causes streets and structures to collapse. Once in operation, the hotline will not only make it easier for the public to get information, but also consolidate the city’s response so that questions are not directed to staff of different city departments unfamiliar with all aspects of the program. Some of the animals that can be hunted with an air rifle include bobcats, coyotes, chipmunks, and raccoons. Federal law prohibits using any poisons for animals which are not listed on the product label. Because rats can jump about three feet vertically, 3-½-foot bands of polished metal or gloss paint should extend up from grade level around the structure. Rats may deposit 35-45 droppings over a 24-hour period. Adults may live up to 3 years. The Eastern Chipmunk is common throughout the state of Illinois. The color varies from a faint yellowish gray with tawny dark stripes (Badlands, South Dakota) to a grayish tawny brown with black stripes (Wisconsin and Michigan). Stations also can be fastened to the ground with stakes, or attached to patio blocks by bolting or gluing. Due to COVID-19 the deadline for Census submission has been extended. Their habit of digging for food and to excavate burrows can lead to conflicts with property owners. Despite well-written and enforceable city codes, city courts may view rodent harborage and sanitation issues as minor and assign them low priority, or dismiss them altogether. Least chipmunks produce 1 litter of two to seven young in May or June. The use of patio blocks is advantageous in elevating stations above ground level moisture problems. State law sets seasons and limits on what federal law permits. Apparently the only completely unregulated birds in Illinois are house sparrows, starlings, and pigeons (rock dove). The chipmunk carries the dirt in its cheek pouches and scatters it away from the burrow, making the burrow entrance less conspicuous. To save on delivery costs, the fact sheets can be enclosed in city mailings such as utility bills. Chipmunks are one of the few exceptions of the permit requirement to trap. Considerations include rodent acceptance of and resistance to the rodenticide, the amount necessary to kill a rodent (single or multiple feedings), the bait’s toxicity and secondary poisoning potential, and the potential for contaminating food and poisoning non-target organisms including humans. The chipmunk (Tamias striatus) is a small, ground-dwelling rodent that occurs throughout Missouri but is most common in the Ozarks. The least chipmunk is the smallest of the chipmunks. The eastern chipmunk and the thirteen-lined ground squirrel are native throughout Illinois. © 2020 Illinois Department of Public Health. Franklin’s ground squirrel, like others of its genus, is a mainly terrestrial rodent and has a relatively short, furry tail, large cheek pouches in which it carries food, and short legs. Likewise, public information can be composed and plans made to disseminate that information. Most states allow landowners or tenants to take chipmunks when they are causing or about to cause damage. 1. Illinois law has required euthanasia of striped skunks since 1991. As with any IPM program, the best methods are selected after careful inspection, pest identification and assessment of the situation. Most chipmunk damage and problems are a result of: Feeding on plants and flowers; Raiding bird feeders; Burrowing It is typically 3 2/3 to 4 1/2 inches (9 to 11 cm) long and weighs 1 to 2 ounces (35 to 70 g). They do not enter a deep hibernation but rely on the cache of food they have brought to their burrow. Store food items, such as bird seed and dog food, in rodent-proof containers. Where rodent activity is high, building construction should take into consideration the jumping and climbing abilities of rodents. Such a plan successfully balances program costs with public awareness, health risks, regulatory enforcement, abatement, maintenance and, especially, sanitation. The city housing authority might be charged with maintaining rodent and vegetation control programs on public properties and with overseeing municipal pest management contracts. Neither federal nor Wisconsin state law protects chipmunks or thirteen-lined ground squirrels, so landowners are allowed to manage these species using nonlethal and lethal techniques whenever damage is occurring. 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