The trees generally flower in early spring and fruit in summer and fall. Nutmeg is a beautiful tall, slow growing tree, native to Indonesia. Vanilla is produced from the bean pod of a vigorous climbing orchid vine that loves shade and prefers a humid climate. The estimated production area of lychee and longan is … THE FRUIT IS LARGE, HEART SHAPED, AND ONE OF THE BEST TASTING, BUT PRODUCTION IS HIGHLY IRREGULAR AND RELATIVELY LIGHT. The yellow husk of the nutmeg splits open to reveal the mahogany seed surrounded by a crimson lace coating. CONTACT US. The fruit is tart and makes an excellent jelly. Kwai Mi, a Chinese variety, was the first lychee introduced into Hawai'i. ‘Kaimana’ produces larger fruit that ripen earlier. By providing horticultural, cultural and general information about these plants, we hope to encourage people to seek out and try these varieties and consider adding them to their orchards and gardens as welcome additions to the yard. The flowers are small and fragrant and will emerge right on the trunk and oldest branches, followed by the pickle shaped tart fruits. Pineapples are easy to grow and harvest. It grows well in our tropical rainforest climate. Breadfruit is an important crop in Hawaiian culture with an abundance of preparations from sweet to savory dishes to more modern applications such as flours and hummus. The glossy leaves have golden undersides that make the trees worthy just for their appearance. Moreover, you can also add lychees in green salads, fruit salads, ice creams, and other refreshing beverages such as … Commercial plantations are common in Hawaii and Florida. The trees prefer full sun and are easy to grow and provide a fun and amusing way to enjoy tart foods. Once a sugar plantation village, banana farm, then planted in organic ginger, the farm now hosts 50 varieties of tropical fruit, and our 'growing' family. 'Kajang' bears large sweet fruit, but fewer - resulting larger, unblemished fruit. Lychee is one of Hawaii’s most popular fruits. The fruit is high in vitamin C and has been known to aid in digestion and is used in other medicinal applications in Eastern Medicine. Loquat can fruit several times a year. The plant bears clusters of attractive white flowers with purple fragrant seeds developing afterward. Breadfruit Breadfruit Varieties. Trees prefer full sun, and need wind protection and good drainage. Blueberries can be grown in most climates and elevations in Hawaii. The inner bark of the smaller branches is the part used to make the spice. Lychee 'KAIMANA' IS GROWN COMMERCIALLY IN HAWAII AND AUSTRALIA, BUT HAS NEVER PERFORMED WELL IN FLORIDA OR CALIFORNIA. The season is short and the red sweet fruit is savored by everyone. Mauna Kai Orchards grows Kaimana lychee exclusively. It is a highly productive tree with high quality beans. Breadfruit is an equatorial lowland species that grows best below elevations of 1,000 feet, but is found at elevations of 2,000 feet. The tree can be grown in higher elevations. Kaimana is considered to be a premium cultivar which is a seedling selection of Haak Yip developed in the 1970's. © 2020-Present Alekona Kauai • 5488-A Koloa Road Koloa, HI 96756 • 808.977.7400. When in Hawaii, here are some fruits to look out for at the local farmers markets and grocery stores: Our theory is the stranger the fruit looks, the better it tastes. Young trees require partial shade until they are at least four feet tall and can be interplanted with bananas or palms. Mauritius is probably the easiest to grow and fruit in South Florida but which ones are you folks growing in Florida and all over the US? The fruit is sweet and delicious, somewhat like a ‘Concord Grape’, with slightly tough skin, and can be eaten fresh or preserved as wine or jelly. Beneath the tan skin, the small fruit is divided into a few segments of translucent, juicy flesh. Cardamom spice is the seed in the flower pods from a tall willowy ginger. The flesh is white and considered the most delicious fruit in the world. And, lychee thrives with plenty of precipitation. In Hawaii, consistent lychee production is achieved through management practices that limit high nitrogen content and new vegetative flushes during the time of year when cooler temperatures induce flowering. 'Suebelle' is a slightly larger fruit with some ‘stone cells’ near the skin. '741' or 'Mauka' is another high quality and very productive nut. What 5 varieties of lychee fuit trees grow in Hawaii? The low-chill varieties produce an abundant amount of delicious berries throughout the year. Lychee varieties suitable for Hawai'i backyards include Kwai Mi, Groff, and Kaimana. It is a large spreading tree which is easily managed with annual pruning. Sign up with your email address to receive notifications about our fruit tree sales. Both times the pest was eradicated after being found on lychee trees. The fruit is juicy and firm with a mild sweet taste. Rapoza. They are extremely sweet and rich in flavor. There are several popular varieties that do well here. They are the Emperor and the Haa-Kip. They are ready to pick when the skin turns either red or yellow (depending on variety). 1. Two popular cultivars are ‘Black Gold’ a firm fleshed, tasty large fruit and ‘Ziman Pink’ a “dwarf” cultivar with smaller round fruits about four to eight pounds with delicious flavor. The trees are slow to come to fruit bearing stage. The flowers appear directly on the trunk and branches and carpet the ground a beautiful crimson red or snow white. The trees need male and female flowers to produce fruit which are most commonly on separate trees. It is delicious eaten fresh and can also be prepared in many ways, including jams, preserves, cake fillings, and served in fruit salads. Trees grow best with rainfall is 60 to 120 inches per year, and soils that are neutral to alkaline. Native to the Amazon, Abiu is tropical in its requirements, needing a moist, warm climate. The orchid-like flowers are small and on stalks that usually trail along the ground. If you want lychee, the best time of year is around late June to July. Grapes Grapes in Waimanalo. INTRODUCTION There are presently at least 14 lychee cultivars being grown in Hawaii. The tree is tropical in requirements and should be grown in the lower elevations, needs wind protection, and can be grown in the shade. Hawaii’s coffee is considered by many to have the finest flavor in the world due to the rich volcanic soils and optimal climate. The small tree bears the large fruit directly on the trunk and large branches, and grow best below 1,000 feet in high humidity climates. Lychees are round or oblong in shape and are 1 ½ to 2 inches in diameter. The large beautiful trees thrive in a moist rocky soil and benefit from … 'Ma’afala' is the preferred variety, bearing quickly and consistently. Longans are native to China and are usually eaten fresh but are also dried, canned, or made into delicious dessert sauces and sorbets. Papaya. Mature Air-layered Fruit Tree, Ready to Produce The Sweetheart Lychee is one of the finest Lychee varieties in the world. Durian. The fruit is usually eaten fresh and can be mixed with lemon juice and honey to make a ‘mousse’ or whipped into desserts such as ice creams and cheesecakes. The trees take four to six years to bear fruit and will bear two to three times a year. The ‘Orange Passionfruit’ has a hard orange skin and sweet juice. The leaves die back in the winter and emerge each spring. The Magnolia is a stately, beautiful shade and flowering tree. Lychee season in Hawaii is between May and August. The tree produces football-shaped pods about 8 inches long directly on the trunk and branches. The fruit is mostly used in curries, chutney, jelly or pickling. The best I have ever tasted are also among the hardest to grow. Lychee can grow up to … Prune to encourage a bushy tree that is easy to harvest. Mountain Apple, whether the ‘Red’ or ‘White’ variety, are delicious fresh eating fruits and grow easily in most backyards. Lychee is one of Hawaii’s most popular fruits. Lychee need to be protected from strong winds, and can be easily managed in height and shape with annual pruning after harvest. 6. Sta. The cherry-sized, pumpkin-shaped fruits are excellent, high in Vitamin C, and are used in jams, jellies, and pies. Compared to other varieties, Kaimana lychee bears a larger, sweeter fruit and a smaller seed. Cloves, believed to be a native of Indonesia, are beautiful and graceful trees, with stellar pink and yellow new leaves all year round. Exotics evoke mystery of foreign origin. ‘Purple Passionfruit’ is a sweet fresh eating variety that prefers some shade and grows well upslope. In Hawaiian Puakenikeni means “ten cent flower”, which they sold for in the 1930’s when first introduced to Hawaii. The tree is tropical and does beautifully in the moist areas of the state. The flesh is eaten fresh and many health products are made from the fruit and skin. Ken Love, president of the Hawaii Tropical Fruit Growers, says "Lychee is never consistent from year to year. They make an attractive hedge with the small leaves turning from pink to red to green. When is lychee season in Hawaii? The brilliant red coating is the spice Mace. Guava. The slow growing trees require tropical conditions, plenty of moisture and protection from wind. The trees prefer full sun, good drainage and regular watering and fertilizer. The ‘B-3’ is very sweet and has a reddish orange skin. Coffee is grown in most Hawaii climates. The trees are large, but can be shaped, so give them plenty of room. Cacao is long lived and can produce for up to 50 years. The tree is vigorous, medium height and grows well in most locations in Hawaii but fruits best in the upslope areas. It' a very consistent and heavy producer of delicious heart-shaped fruit with smaller seeds and juicer flesh than your average Lychee. The fruit is delicious eaten fresh and can easily be made into jams, pie fillings or colorfully added to a fruit salad. Flowers are very fragrant, and trees can tolerate wind, and shade and can be grown up to 1,500 feet in elevation. It grows tall (up to 20 feet) in the lowlands and about half as tall when grown in higher elevations. The flowers bloom throughout the spring and summer attracting bees from everywhere it seems. Cinnamon can be grown easily in Hawaii with adequate rainfall. The round purple fruit are borne directly on the trunk and branches. In 1492, a list of 40 lychee varieties, mostly named for families, was published in the Annals of Fukien. Betel nut grows best in lowlands with abundant moisture and slightly acid soil. Commercial varieties such as: Brewster and Emperor are larger trees that may not be suited for a smaller yard. ‘Kadota’ is a more upright, vigorous tree, the fruit is a rich amber flesh with a pale green skin. The spice is used in flavoring curries, coffee, cakes, bread, and other sweets. Lychee is a tropical fruit that is unique in appearance and flavor. Loquat is native to China and related to apples, pears and quince. The leaves can be used fresh or dried in cooking, the oils are often used in soaps and cosmetics, and the fruit can be eaten fresh. Betel nut is the seed from a tall thin palm from Southeast Asia that is often chewed, wrapped in betel pepper leaf and smeared with lime, as a gentle stimulant. Trees grow best below 1,000 feet and are not tolerant to salt. Approximately 90% of Florida’s commercial production is … It is striking with its large dark green leaves and contrasting huge white fragrant flowers. Cinnamon is an ancient spice with roots dating back to 2,000 BC. Jakfruit does not require special care but prefers the lowlands, well-drained soils, and some fertilization. All ‘Kona Coffee’ is C. Arabica. One improved variety is ‘Brown Turkey’ which has a purplish brown fruit with a pink flesh and is a closed-end type (self-pollinating). ‘Sugarloaf’, a sweet white Pineapple has melting white flesh, and a soft edible core. A pruning saw cut the width of the saw blade is made in the bark around the branch or trunk. Vanilla is also available in a beautiful ‘variegated’ form. 51. The white pulp is juicy and tastes much like a true sub-acid or sweet cherry. Other varieties include 'Apuapua', 'I'o’ I'o', and 'Tahitian'. Extract from the true vanilla bean is very expensive and has a pure a delicate flavor, used in ice creams, cakes, candy, eggnog, etc. ture, and varieties. The skin is thin, firm and exudes dark-red juice. Florida is the leading producer of lychee and longan in the United States, followed by Hawaii and California. It is attractive, prolific, ever bearing, and one of the most useful spices. Jaboticaba trees are native to Brazil. Fertilize the trees regularly with a balanced fertilizer. When eaten, a molecule from the flesh binds with the receptors in the taste buds making sour and acidic foods taste sweet. Miracle berry is a slow growing, small upright bush, easily grown in a container. Jaboticaba Jackfruit Longan. The sweet delicious custard-like fruit is best eaten fresh or made into a smoothie. Now retired from academic duties, he resides at Laurel, Florida, where he continues to be active in translating Chinese horticultural literature into English and in fostering the Lingnan Plant Exchange, an eleemosynary enterprise. The baseball-sized fruits are round or can be slightly oblong (depending on the variety), and are bright yellow when ripe. The berries are small with a red skin, white flesh and a large seed. Hawaii Island Variety Trials. It is most often used as a juice and is rich and acidic. They fruit more abundantly after each trimming, as the berry is borne on the new growth. Cloves are slow-growing trees that do best on deep volcanic soils with abundant rainfall and good drainage, they can be grown at most elevations throughout the state. It … It is botanically designated Litchi chinensis Sonn. Dessert guavas include the ‘Philippine Swirl’ a fragrant and sweet selection of pink and light yellow swirled flesh. They are similar in taste to a tart apple. Cherimoya. Puakenikeni flowers are amazingly fragrant and popular as lei flowers. The small deciduous trees grow in most areas of Hawaii, although too much rainfall can stall its growth. Emperor is a very large fruit, bears late in the season and the tree is compact. Cacao. Pulasan is closely related to rambutan. ‘Biew Kiew’ is a popular commercial variety that has large sweet fruit, bears well and has a good shelf life. Starfruit is a beautiful, easy to grow, early bearing tree. Noni. It is eaten fresh or chilled and is often made into candy, sorbet or juice. The cut should form a complete ring and extend through (but not far beyond) the thin, white cambium layer beneath the bark. Other lychee varieties that are being grown in Hawaii are ‘Souey Tung’, ‘Hak Ip’, ‘Tai So’, ‘Brewster’, and ‘Bosworth 3’ (see the table on p. 7). The fruit is generally sweeter than rambutan and has a berry like flavor. The lychee is the most renowned of a group of edible fruits of the soapberry family, Sapindaceae. Expt. ‘Sri Champoo’ is another recommended variety that has large beautiful, sweet fruit, but not the shelf life of the ‘Biew Kiew’. Abiu is a smallish tree growing 12 to 15 feet tall, with long, light green leaves. Eight of these are in the variety trial orchards of the University of Hawaii Horticulture Department, Coffee is native to tropical Africa and is grown for its berries which are picked, pulped and processed to produce a dried seed which is roasted. The plants should begin to produce flowers in about three years. Expt. Sta. '344' or 'Kau' has large, high quality nuts along with high productivity. It loses its foliage in the winter, as some gingers do, and the leaves will grow back in the spring. Cloves are used whole and ground in a variety of sweet and savory applications as well as in tinctures and cosmetic applications. Our lychee orchard has matured during two … They are long lived, grow dense and have very few pests or diseases. Mulberry $45-125 Breadfruit $65 16300 SW 184th St. Miami, FL 33187 Phone (305) 233-5501 Fax (305) 233-5610. Passionfruit are vigorous vines, producing abundant stunning flowers and great tasting fruit. ‘White Indonesian’ is a delicious, white fleshed high quality eating variety with large 5 to 6 ounce fruit. Star Fruit. The trees can grow tall and produce abundant fruit several times a year, usually in the summer months. It's native to China but can grow in certain warm regions of the U.S like Florida and Hawaii. It can be eaten fresh and is often used curries and soups, or dried as chips and the large seeds and leaves are also used in culinary applications. The fruit is known for its tart, sweet flavor and thin skin and have a long shelf life and are excellent for drying as they do not brown in the process. © Plant it Hawaii 2020 | PO Box 388 Kurtistown, Hawaii 96760 | | 808.966.6633. The trees thrive in most locations here and are best maintained in bush fashion with ease. The best varieties are 'GRAY', 'Z-1', and 'Z-2', all selections are from Queensland. Luscious Longan from Around the Globe The longan collection at Hilo is composed of varieties from China, where it is native, and from other locales. The round, green skinned, baseball-sized fruit is delicious eaten fresh. There is also a ‘Coffee Liberica,’ which is a large tree with large leaves, flowers, and berries, and has been used to make instant coffee. The large fruits are ripe between May and July. Guavas range from sweet to acidic, with the acid varieties grown for juice and processing, and the sweet varieties for fresh eating. Some recommended varieties are 'Sharp Blue', 'Jewel', and 'Emerald.'. Mulberries produce abundant fruit that is about one inch long, dark purple when ripe, sweet and tasty. They are good sources of potassium, fiber, calcium and Vitamins A and C. Cacao seed is the basis for commercial chocolate or cocoa. Egami Macadamia Nut . The yellow, star-shaped fruit are abundant, juicy and sweet. It is one of the most popular commercial cultivar in Hawaii. The hardy, adaptable tree stays small and compact and fruits several times a year. The fruit is native to low-elevation stretches of southern China; cultivation expanded into Southeast Asia and later Burma (now Myanmar) and India. There are two improved cultivars available, 'Golden Nugget' and 'Mammoth'. The Lychee is best eaten fresh out of hand but can be dried or used in desserts. It is a delicious, juicy fruit with a very sweet flavor, and a single seed. The fruit is about the size of a large apple with five small seeds that look like a star when the fruit is cut. The fruit, contrary to its name, is sweet and can be stringy. Our family farm is nestled on 28 acres on the Hamakua Coast of the Big Island, Hawaii. 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