Introduction. Introduction. It demands a lot of mental exercise and other components, i.e. routine decisions; as the decision of making an excel sheet for attendance management to keep the attendance record is an individual decision. Decision-making can be either positive or negative. With the help of decision-making, all resources of organizations i.e. Decision-making process requires creativity and logical thinking. performance development program to train the rest of the HR staff to work at the capacity of HR Head in such crisis situations. So, with effective planning, organizations prepare themselves for any future uncertainty. There are a variety of ways in which we make decisions, such as decision trees, force field analysis, lists of pros and cons, talking to friends and family, and so forth. top, middle, and bottom. These are step-by-step inter-related activities to be performed and require different resources like money, manpower, machinery, etc. The planning function was put forth by Henri Fayol, known for his Management Theories i.e. Planning requires robust analytical abilities i.e. Planning is also based on defined policies of an organization. Different departments or functions of an organization like sales, IT, production, purchase, accounts, or HR take operations decisions. This one is an extended version of the basic strategic planning model and is used by established organizations which aim at introducing an improved strategic process. The information contained on the website is for general information purposes only. It not only helps in identifying problems but also solving them by making correct and fast decisions. Planning demands work under predefined policies and rigid processes. To learn from what’s already happened, step back to check. Due to this, the planning process can’t be detailed in some organizations. Self-reflection is theorized to occupy as much as 50% of our waking life. gap between actual results and expected results. Planning occurs when teachers are alone and have time to reflect and consider issues such as short‐range and long‐range plans, student progress, time available, and instructional materials. Goals specify what to achieve by defined rules, policies, process, resources, strategies, etc. Due to the time limit, decision-makers are not able to collect all the necessary information that influences decisions and are, also, not able to look for more alternatives. Planning ensures effective coordination at different levels, between various departments or functions. Effective execution of these plans requires proper coordination which is possible through effective planning. Minor decisions are routine decisions and don’t require much time and deep thinking. For example, employee engagement activities demand HR staff to work as a group and take decisions for better employee engagement programs. It is also one of the important management functions and effective decision-making leads to fulfilling expected goals by sorting out different problems related to such decisions. Decisions are affected by the policies of an organization. There are three areas that we often find are missing when teams develop a strategic plan: The mission of an organization specifies its reason for existence, customers, products or services, service locations, etc. The planning process is backed by a change in methods, policies, rules, etc. A process like planning is aimed at achieving something. apply critical reflection to inform and provide a rationale for professional decision making devise approaches to support constructive decision making with service users, where possible. 15, No. The process of this model includes a SWOT analysis (strength, weakness, opportunity and threat), identifying goals and mission, making strategies, action plans, operational plans, budget allocation, and evaluation on yearly basis. -What is the time limit to complete activities?-. It also requires finding ways of improvement and incorporating these improvements in the form of strategies in the plan. A supervisor has to make different plans and strategies for the smooth functioning of the department and to decide the most appropriate plan. These decisions are generally taken by the bottom-management staff. The planning process is a bit time-consuming and, sometimes, there is a delay in decision-making especially in immediate decisions. For example, conducting a campus interview decision by hiring executives is an organizational decision. This step includes collecting data and information to identify a real issue or problem. The essay’s introduction, body paragraphs, and the conclusion are provided below. The process of strategic planning includes vision clarity, collecting and analyzing information, strategy formulation, and implementation of strategy, evaluating, and controlling. Individual goal of Hiring Manager in the HR department: To recruit top talent in the organization in given time-frame. It is the end result of discussions, comparisons, etc. Self Reflection: Planning and Decision Making, The Context of Planning & Decision Making, The Process of Planning & Decision Making, Guidelines for Planning & Decision Making, Role of a Leader in Planning & Decision Making, Use of Data in Planning & Decision Making, Creating a Culture of Planning & Decision Making, Feedback Form: Planning and Decision Making. The planning process can be understood further in below example of an organization plan to formulate competitive compensation and benefits structure or plan for employees. For example, manpower planning or human resource planning is a crucial planning process which ensures the right kind of people at the right place, and at the right time to fulfil the right type of jobs in the organizations. Please Login. Operational plan or work plan refers to the planning process aimed at achieving departmental and organizational goals. 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