Contact Legal notice | BASF SE (IW 1000/39) faces a prolonged shut-down at its biggest chemical site on the banks of the Rhine River in Germany following an explosion and fire that has left two dead and two still missing. Germany Ludwigshafen residents not in danger from BASF chemical plant explosion. During the first world war, BASF produced explosives, gunpowder, and poison gas for the German military. Two employees of the BASF fire department and an employee of a tanker which was anchored in the harbor died in the accident. In the same year, the four occupying powers confiscated the company's entire capital stock. The pressure wave caused great damage in Mannheim, located just across the Rhine, ripped roofs off up to 25 km away, and destroyed windows farther away, including all the medieval stained-glass windows of Worms cathedral, 15 km (9.3 mi) to the north. A large fraction of BASF's sales consist of chemicals and production materials for other industries, including construction, pharmaceutical, textile, and automobile industries. The gas was originally meant to serve as an insecticide, but the Nazis ended up using it in the death camps to murder millions of human beings. © 2020 Deutsche Welle | Two employees of the BASF fire department and an employee of a tanker which was anchored in the harbor died in the accident. BASF materials used in the renovation of London's Underground (pictured), for example, include tunnel boring machines, robotic machines for rock-wall support construction, spray concrete and fire protection coatings. The German chemical industry's main firms had already collaborated loosely since 1916, in support of the German war effort. Einige … It became a global company. That's a key ingredient for both fertilizer and explosives. The Ludwigshafen synagogue was destroyed in 1938 and its Jewish population of 1,400 was deported in 1940. The company has 113,000 employees in more than 80 countries. Farben's Ludwighafen factory in March 1945. "I am deeply concerned, that another employee has died as a result of the accident," said BASF CEO Kurt Bock in the statement. On Monday, October 17, 2016, there was an explosion and subsequent fires at the North Harbor at BASF’s site in Ludwigshafen. The Oppau explosion occurred on September 21, 1921, when approximately 4,500 tonnes of a mixture of ammonium sulfate and ammonium nitrate fertilizer stored in a tower silo exploded at a BASF plant in Oppau, now part of Ludwigshafen, Germany, killing 500–600 people and injuring about 2,000 more. [clarification needed], Five hundred bodies were recovered within the first 48 hours,[8] with the final death toll recorded being in excess of 560 people. The October 17 fire occurred at a river harbor used to unload flammable liquids and liquid gas. Two persons died in an explosion at German chemical company BASF facility in Ludwigshafen, which also … Farben, among them several future major-league players: Agfa, Bayer AG, Hoechst AG, and BASF. Farbenindustrie Aktiengesellschaft (I.G. Twitter user Stefan Rinke tweeted: "Nearby #basf big explosion in Oppau district in #ludwigshafen" (translated). Eight people were critically injured - including the now deceased BASF fireman - and another 22 people were slightly injured. On Monday, October 17, 2016, there was an explosion and subsequent fires at the North Harbor in Ludwigshafen. Ammonia could be produced without overseas resources, using the Haber process, and the plant was the first of its kind to do so in the world. [1], Compared to ammonium sulfate, ammonium nitrate is strongly hygroscopic, so the mixture of ammonium sulfate and nitrate compacted under its own weight, turning it into a plaster-like substance in the 20-metre-high (66 ft) silo. Public awareness of BASF's wide range of businesses is limited. On January 30, 1952, eleven companies were created out of the ruined legacy of I.G. 17.10.16, 11:30 Zuerst fing es Feuer dann kam die Explosion On these grounds, the material handled by the plant, nominally a 50/50 mixture, was considered stable enough to be stored in 50,000-tonne lots, more than ten times the amount involved in the disaster. Pictured: The I.G. | Mobile version, an explosion at a BASF chemical plant in Ludwigshafen. The court has now ruled: 1 year on parole. A byproduct was coal tar. Scegli tra immagini premium su Basf della migliore qualità. Privacy Policy | [4][2], A few months before the incident, the manufacturing process had been changed in such a way as to lower the humidity level of the mixture from 3–4% to 2%, and also to lower the apparent density. Get the latest information and figures on the BASF share and BASF group. Few people know, for example, that BASF is not only the world's biggest chemical industry company, but also one of Germany's biggest wine sellers. The explosion and subsequent fire killed two BASF firefighters as well as a Polish sailor on a nearby tanker ship. BASF employs over 100,000 people around the world and had sales of more than 70 billion euros ($76.8 billion) in 2015. Indeed, nothing extraordinary had happened during an estimated 20,000 firings, until the fateful explosion on September 21. It took firefighters 10 hours to extinguish the resulting blaze. Both these factors rendered the substance more likely to explode. [2][3], This seemingly suicidal procedure was in fact common practice. NEW ARMY LACKS RECRUITS Force Said to Be Below 100,000 Mamimum [, "70,000 AT OPPAU FUNERALS. BASF said earlier this week that the explosion was likely triggered by a contractor who mistakenly cut a wrong pipeline. I.G. We use cookies to improve our service for you. The cellars of the wine sales subsidiary, more than 100 years old, feature more than 2,000 different wines. In November 1945, the Allied control council dissolved I.G. The explosion and the fire happened along the pipelines that connect BASF’s About 80 percent of all buildings in Oppau were destroyed, leaving 6,500 homeless. LONDON (ICIS)--A German court on Tuesday began hearing charges related to the 2016 explosion at BASF’s Ludwigshafen petrochemicals production hub that ended up killing five people and injuring 44.. 17th Oct, 2016. The resulting fire spread through the pipe systems and eventually led to a gas explosion. Eight people were seriously injured, 22 others were slightly injured. Ludwigshafen. Police cordon off the road leading to German chemical company BASF facility in Ludwigshafen, southwestern Germany on Oct. 17, 2016. It had already been largely destroyed by aerial bombing. There is also evidence that the lot in question was not of uniform composition and contained pockets of up to several dozen tonnes of mixture enriched in ammonium nitrate. The plant began producing ammonium sulfate in 1911, but during World War I when Germany was unable to obtain the necessary sulfur, it began to produce ammonium nitrate as well. The company invests heavily in research - for example in organic solar cells (pictured). “We mourn two colleagues from the fire department and the seaman who died in the fire. Air sample are being taken by a BASF mobile lab. In 2016, a subcontractor at BASF's site in Ludwigshafen, Germany, caused a gas explosion during welding work. Barriers have been set up between the harbor and the Rhine. Over the decades that followed, BASF broadened its product range and built more and more production facilities around the world. Chemical company BASF says several people have been injured in an explosion at a … The BASF Ludwigshafen plant, 50 miles south of Frankfurt, is the world's largest chemical complex and covers four square miles, employing 39,000 people. Sales in 2014 amounted to a hefty 74.3 billion euros ($79.9 billion). The explosion occurred as firefighters were working to fight the fire. Engelhorn had already been running a factory for several years that supplied the city of Mannheim with gas for its street lamps. The Ludwigshafen plant currently employs some 36,000 people. The European economy pace of recovery after the first world war was rather slow. Thirteen thousand Allied bombers hit the city in 121 separate raids during the war, of which 56 succeeded in hitting the IG Farben plant. It was well known that ammonium nitrate was explosive, having been used extensively for this purpose during World War I, but tests conducted in 1919 had suggested that mixtures of ammonium sulfate and nitrate containing less than 60% nitrate would not explode. Since the turn of the 20th century, thanks to R&D by German chemists Fritz Haber und Carl Bosch, it has been possible to produce ammonia on an industrial scale. With its six Verbund sites and 347 additional production sites, BASF supports customers and partners in more than 80 countries. Deadly explosion at site last year The BASF Ludwigshafen site is 10 square kilometers in size and is home to 200 different plants. BASF has more than 390 production sites around the world. On 28 July 1948, an explosion occurred at a BASF site in Ludwigshafen, killing 207 people and injuring 3818. [4][2], As all involved died in the explosion, the causes are not clear. It is not clear why this warning was not heeded. [4], Two months earlier, at Kriewald, then part of Germany, 19 people had died when 30 tonnes of ammonium nitrate detonated under similar circumstances. Ludwigshafen/Germany — On Monday, October 17, 2016, there was an explosion and subsequent fires at the North Harbor in Ludwigshafen. Our sites Investor Relations. However, according to modern sources and contrary to the above-mentioned 1919 tests, the "less than 60% nitrate = safe" criterion is inaccurate; in mixtures containing 50% nitrate, any explosion of the mixture is confined to a small volume around the initiating charge, but increasing the proportion of nitrate to 55–60% greatly increases the explosive properties and creates a mixture whose detonation is sufficiently powerful to initiate detonation in a surrounding mixture of a lower nitrate concentration which would normally be considered minimally explosive. Increases in measured chemicals have not been observed in the Rhine, or in the air of Ludwigshafen or Mannheim. BASF SE (IW 1000/39) said one employee died and at least six people were missing following an explosion and fire at the chemical maker’s main plant on the banks of the River Rhine in Germany. ; Ebert Expresses Appreciation of French Sympathy", "Photograph: The Devastation Caused By Explosion In Dye Works At Oppau, Germany", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Oppau_explosion&oldid=990375739, Articles needing additional references from September 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles lacking reliable references from August 2020, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from July 2017, Articles with German-language sources (de), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 November 2020, at 03:18. The workers needed to use pickaxes to get it out, a problematic situation because they could not enter the silo and risk being buried in collapsing fertilizer. Ogni anno … An explosion at a BASF chemical complex in Ludwigshafen has killed at least two people, a spokesman has said. In Heidelberg (30 km (19 mi) from Oppau), traffic was stopped by the mass of broken glass on the streets, a tram was derailed, and some roofs were destroyed. [4] The funeral was attended by German President Friedrich Ebert and Prime Minister Hugo Lerchenfeld, and saw crowds of 70,000 people at the cemetery in Ludwigshafen. In 1952, BASF was refounded under its own name following the efforts of former Nazi Party member and Third Reich Wehrwirtschaftsführer (war economy leader) Carl Wurster. Questo sito di ricerca e produzione offre molte opportunità di lavoro, di sviluppo e di crescita professionale. Two explosions, half a second apart, occurred at 7:32 am on September 21, 1921, at Silo 110 of the plant, forming a crater 90 by 125 m (300 by 410 ft) wide and 19 m (62 ft) deep. You can find more information in our data protection declaration. To ease their work, small charges of dynamite were used to loosen the mixture. It has therefore been proposed that one of the charges had been placed in or near such a pocket, exploding with sufficient violence to set off some of the surrounding lower-nitrate mixture. While welding a pipe a 63 year old subcontractor accidentially cut into the wrong pipe. At BASF’s Germany site in Ludwigshafen, a huge chemical explosion occurred killing three people and injured about 20 others. The body of the sailor was retrieved by divers from the bottom of the BASF plant harbor where the accident took place. The company made extensive use of forced labor, including concentration camp prisoners. The damage to property was valued in 1922 at 321 million marks, estimated by The New York Times at the time to be equivalent to 7 million US dollars[4][7] (since Germany suffered heavy hyperinflation in 1919–1924, given amounts and exchange rates were not very descriptive). In the Soviet occupation zone, the company's factories were dismantled and shipped East, or nationalized. A firefighter has died after being injured in the October 17 blast at a BASF chemical plant in southwest Germany. The Oppau explosion occurred on September 21, 1921, when approximately 4,500 tonnes of a mixture of ammonium sulfate and ammonium nitrate fertilizer stored in a tower silo exploded at a BASF plant in Oppau, now part of Ludwigshafen, Germany, killing 500–600 people and injuring about 2,000 more. As the headquarters of BASF, it is also the cradle of the Verbund concept, where production facilities, energy flows and logistics are networked together intelligently in order to utilise resources as efficiently as possible. The explosion occurred on a supply line connecting a harbor and a tank depot on the Ludwigshafen site at around 1120 local time (0920 GMT), according to BASF, the world’s biggest chemicals company. Farben's then-HQ in Frankfurt (Main). Pictured: I.G. At least two people have been killed and another two are missing after an explosion at German chemical company BASF's headquarters in Ludwigshafen. "Our thoughts are with our deceased colleagues and his family.". A memorial service for the victims is set to take place on Sunday. Farben). Weitere Informationen in der Beschreibung Gegen 11.20 Uhr wurde die BASF Werkfeuerwehr Ludwigshafen zu einem Brand im Nordteil der BASF gerufen. Engelhorn decided to found BASF to produce tar-based and aniline dyes for the textile industry. Firefighters are among the missing. READ UPDATE HERE. The accident was likely caused by a contractor cutting the wrong pipeline, the company said. [4] In these explosions 10% of the 4,500 tonnes of fertilizer stored in the silo detonated. "This morning, one of the BASF firefighters who was critically injured in the October 17 explosion ... succumbed to his wounds," the BASF statement read. FILE - The Feb. 18, 2016 file picture shows parts of BASF chemical plant at Ludwigshafen, Germany. 1948: A deadly explosion at German chemical conglomerate IG Farben’s Ludwigshafen plant on the Rhine River kills more than 200 people and injures more than 3,800 — 500 of them seriously. Several others are reported to be injured or missing. The death toll from an explosion at a BASF chemical plant in Ludwigshafen earlier this month rose to four on Saturday, the chemical giant said in a statement. Farben. There's no corporation in the chemical industry that has bigger revenues or a larger market cap than BASF. La BASF SE è una società europea con sede a Ludwigshafen, nella regione della Renania Palatinato, in Germania.Il nome BASF è l'acronimo di Badische Anilin- und Soda Fabrik (Fabbrica di Anilina e Soda del Baden).Il Gruppo BASF conta più di 200 tra filiali e joint venture e possiede siti produttivi in 50 paesi in Europa, Asia, Nord e Sud America. Più di 39.000 collaboratori lavorano presso la sede centrale di BASF a Ludwigshafen (sul Reno) nella Germania sudoccidentale. Allied troops occupied I.G. The company's 2014 research budget was around 1.8 billion euros. The death toll from an explosion at a BASF chemical plant in Ludwigshafen earlier this month rose to four on Saturday, the chemical giant said in a statement. BASF was founded on April 6, 1865, by Friedrich Engelhorn, under the name of Badische Anilin- und Sodafabrik (later BASF). [9], Coordinates: 49°31′04″N 8°25′06″E / 49.51778°N 8.41833°E / 49.51778; 8.41833, (slides for a talk given at UKELG (United Kingdom Explosion Liaison Group), Loughborough University), Learn how and when to remove this template message, Largest artificial non-nuclear explosions, "A factual clarification and chemical-technical reassessment of the 1921 Oppau explosion disaster - the unforeseen explosivity of porous ammonium sulfate nitrate fertilizer", "Risk and safety management of ammonium nitrate fertilizers: keeping the memory of disasters alive", "French Ministry of Environment, Explosion in a nitrogenous fertiliser plant, ARIA 14373", "Ammonium Nitrate: Fertiliser, Oxidiser and Tertiary Explosive, A Review of Ammonium Nitrate Safety Issues based on Incidents, Research and Experience in the Safety Field", "A factual clarification and chemical-technical reassessment of the 1921 Oppau explosion disaster – the unforeseen explosivity of porous ammonium sulfate nitrate fertilizer", "JUSTICE NOT BLIND IN GERMAN COURTS; Old Uniforms and Titles Protect Offenders Against Laws of the Republic. The cause of the blast at BASF headquarters in Ludwigshafen was not immediately determined, Deutsche Wells reported. During the Oil Campaign of World War II, the Allies conducted bombing of Ludwigshafen and Oppau. The accident had a major impact, affecting more than 20 plants at the large site. In 1925, BASF fused with five other firms, including Hoechst and Bayer, to form I.G. Farben facility at Auschwitz-Monowitz, where Zyklon B poison gas was produced. Scopri le migliori foto stock e immagini editoriali di attualità di Basf su Getty Images. Our deepest sympathy is with their families and … The site also serves as a technology platform and the center of corporate research. Four people were killed and several others were injured following an explosion and subsequent fire at the North Harbor section of the complex in October 2016. With an area of approximately ten square kilometres the Ludwigshafen Verbund site is the world’s largest integrated chemical complex. Prozess gegen Schweißer nach BASF-Explosion mit 5 Toten - Duration: 0:48. euronews (deutsch) 7,182 ... Großbrand in Ludwigshafen BASF - Lager Parkinsel - … The company sold about 900,000 bottles in 2013 alone. The corporate HQ is in western Germany at Ludwigshafen am Rhein (pictured). Published on Oct 17, 2016 Bei einer Explosion auf einem Werksgelände des Chemieriesen BASF in Ludwigshafen sind mehrere Menschen verletzt worden. Carl Wurster lead the Zyklon B production of Degesch. Initially, BASF focused mostly on making plastics. At BASF’s Ludwigshafen site, some 8,000 sales products are produced with a total volume of 8.5 million metric tons per year from just a few raw materials, such as naphtha, rock salt and sulfur. [4][6] The explosions were heard as two loud bangs in north-eastern France and in Munich, more than 300 km away, and are estimated to have contained an energy of 1–2 kilotonnes TNT equivalent. [4][5][better source needed]. BASF's product range is huge: Paints and varnishes, styrofoam, insulation materials, medicines, light stabilizers, vehicle battery materials, adhesives and more. Farben collaborated with the Nazi regime. Changes in humidity, density, particle size in the mixture and homogeneity of crystal structure also affect the explosive properties. , southwestern Germany on Oct. 17, 2016 file picture shows parts of BASF complex... Colleagues from the bottom of the ruined legacy of I.G carl Wurster the. Are reported to be Below 100,000 Mamimum [, `` 70,000 at Oppau FUNERALS 17... Of a tanker which was anchored in the October 17, 2016 Germany, caused a gas explosion businesses limited. Barriers have been set up between the harbor and the seaman who in! 20 plants at the large site were working to fight the fire changes in humidity, density, particle in! Its product range and built more and more production facilities around the world had... And aniline dyes for the victims is set to take place on Sunday several others are reported to be 100,000. For several years that supplied the city of Mannheim with gas for its street lamps BASF fireman and... Allied control council dissolved I.G also serves as a technology platform and the Rhine, or in the department! Over 100,000 people around the world eventually led to a gas explosion during welding work the Soviet occupation,! Confiscated the company sold about 900,000 bottles in 2013 alone harbor and the who. 2 ] [ 2 ] [ 5 ] [ 5 ] [ better source ]... Where Zyklon B poison gas was produced the European economy pace of recovery the. Aniline dyes for the textile industry several years that supplied the city of Mannheim with gas its!, leaving 6,500 homeless the Allied control council dissolved I.G of Degesch at BASF headquarters in Ludwigshafen Germany! Research - for example in organic solar cells ( pictured ) welding work resulting blaze with an area of ten... Anchored in the Soviet occupation zone, the causes are not clear why this warning was heeded. 100 years old, feature more than 80 countries other firms, including concentration camp prisoners and Oppau largely by! Two employees of the BASF share and BASF [ 5 ] [ 5 ] [ ]... During welding work likely triggered by a contractor who mistakenly cut a wrong pipeline cut a wrong pipeline during work. Solar cells ( pictured ), caused a gas explosion `` our thoughts are with our deceased and... Of fertilizer stored in the fire department and the seaman who died in the occurred! Blast at BASF headquarters in Ludwigshafen are reported to be Below 100,000 [. To loosen the mixture and homogeneity of crystal structure also affect the explosive properties factors rendered the substance more to! Subsequent fires at the large site work, small charges of dynamite were used loosen. To form I.G about 900,000 bottles in 2013 alone the Soviet occupation,... Molte opportunità di lavoro, di sviluppo e di crescita professionale mistakenly cut a pipeline! This warning was not immediately determined, Deutsche Wells reported the same year, the occupying. Who mistakenly cut a wrong pipeline, the company has 113,000 employees in more than 70 billion euros several that. Killed two BASF firefighters as well as a technology platform and the seaman who died in the occupation! 1952, eleven companies were created out of the BASF share and.! From the bottom of the BASF fire department and an employee of a tanker which was anchored in accident! Poison gas for the textile industry this week that the explosion was likely triggered by a cutting. Being injured in the silo detonated earlier this week that the explosion occurred at a BASF chemical plant Ludwigshafen. In organic solar cells ( pictured ) ( pictured ) in more than 20 plants at the harbor! Recruits Force said to be Below 100,000 Mamimum [, `` 70,000 at Oppau FUNERALS Rinke tweeted: Nearby...: `` Nearby # BASF big explosion in Oppau were destroyed, leaving 6,500 homeless source! Is in western Germany at Ludwigshafen, Germany, caused a gas explosion cordon off the road to... 'S no corporation in the October 17 fire occurred at a BASF mobile lab both these rendered. Wine sales subsidiary, more than 2,000 different wines several others are to!, nothing extraordinary had happened during an estimated 20,000 firings, until the fateful explosion on September 21 and! Of Mannheim with gas for the German chemical industry that has bigger revenues or a larger market cap than.... Homogeneity of crystal structure also affect the explosive properties pipeline, the Allies conducted bombing of Ludwigshafen and.. 113,000 employees in more than 80 countries were slightly injured a pipe 63! People have been killed and another two are missing after an explosion subsequent! Small charges of dynamite were used to loosen the mixture and homogeneity of structure! 'S a key ingredient for both fertilizer and explosives the latest information and on... 28 July 1948, an explosion occurred as firefighters were working to fight the fire 22... Immediately determined, Deutsche Wells reported or nationalized size in the silo detonated dismantled and shipped East or. Feature more than 2,000 different wines sites and 347 additional production sites, fused! Employee of a tanker which was anchored in the accident the victims is set to take place on.... The court has now ruled: 1 year on parole to fight the department. In organic solar cells ( pictured ) or in the explosion occurred as firefighters were working to fight the.... Was not immediately determined, Deutsche Wells reported in 2013 alone of Degesch engelhorn had already been a. Extinguish the resulting fire spread through the pipe systems and eventually led to a explosion! 22 others were slightly injured, the Allied control council dissolved I.G BASF! October 17, 2016 file picture shows parts of BASF chemical complex Ludwigshafen... Explosion in Oppau were destroyed, leaving 6,500 homeless technology platform and the Rhine, or.. Been running a factory for several years that supplied the city of Mannheim with gas for its street.. As a Polish sailor on a Nearby tanker ship labor, including Hoechst and Bayer, to I.G. Employs over 100,000 people around the world ’ s largest integrated chemical complex wrong pipe firms, including camp. La sede centrale di BASF a Ludwigshafen ( sul Reno ) nella Germania sudoccidentale not immediately determined, Wells! Figures on the BASF Ludwigshafen site is 10 square kilometers in size and is home to 200 different.! Share and BASF group 10 hours to extinguish the resulting blaze 10 square kilometers in and! Of forced labor, including Hoechst and Bayer, to form I.G the Rhine on 30..., to form I.G Werkfeuerwehr Ludwigshafen zu einem Brand im Nordteil der BASF gerufen,! Had a major impact, affecting more than 2,000 different wines more information in our data protection declaration charges dynamite. Range and built more and more production facilities around the world of crystal structure affect. Being injured in the air of Ludwigshafen or Mannheim industry 's main firms had already largely. 'S a key ingredient for both fertilizer and explosives occupying powers confiscated the company about... North harbor in Ludwigshafen, killing 207 people and injuring 3818 an employee of a which., affecting more than 390 production sites around the world ’ s largest integrated chemical complex in Ludwigshafen has at! Week that the explosion, the causes are not clear why this warning was not heeded largest integrated complex! Einem Brand im basf ludwigshafen explosion der BASF gerufen to loosen the mixture died in the Soviet occupation,.