Relative cover for combined canopy and subcanopy is co-dominated by red maple (, 9. 1. Commonly found in prairies, wood margins, meadows, along roadsides, or in waste areas, the Ohio Spiderwort is a clump-forming herbaceous perennial which grows 3' tall with blue-green, arching, grass-like leaves. Although lacking true leaves or flowers, the upright stems of Wa... Equisetum hyemale, Horsetail, spreads from creeping rhizomes in an extremely wide range of soils from full sun to part shade. Relative cover for combined canopy and subcanopy is dominated by red ash/green ash (, 15. The arrow-shaped long thin foliage grows to 2' tall above the water line in sun to partial shade with small... Saururus cernuus, Lizard's Tail, is a colonizing perennial with fibrous rhizomes which grows along the edges of ponds, swamps and marshes in sun to part shade. Shrubs are scattered and may include willows (, 3. 22. Ranunculus flammula is a low growing perennial that pro... Rosa palustris, Swamp Rose, prefers moist, acidic habitats such as bogs, swamps, the edges of ponds and lakes or any poorly drained wetsoil. The Pennsylvaniaclassification includes crosswalks to the National VegetationClassification, which allows you to see where the same or similar plantcommunities occur in other states. Of these native plants, 582 are classified by DCNR, with 349 considered rare, threatened, or endangered in Pennsylvania. Tussock sedge gracefully arches giving it the appearance of fountain grass. 1. Fact Sheets & Plant Guides: Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants : Threatened & Endangered: Wetland Indicator Status : 50,000+ Plant Images : Complete PLANTS Checklist: State PLANTS Checklist: Advanced Search Download Vegetation rooted in a substrate consisting of either mineral soil or a thin layer of organic material (muck) over mineral soil. Relative cover of the shrub layer is less than 25%. Relative cover for combined canopy and subcanopy is dominated or co-dominated by red spruce (, 5. Pink forms are more common, but a white form is shown here. Sweetflag spreads moderately from a thick rhizome forming a dense mat along pond shores and stre... Alisma subcordatum, water plantain, is a clump forming seed colonizer which thrives in permanently inundated quiet water. Relative cover for combined canopy and subcanopy is dominated by maple species (, 7. This group contains types considered “persistent” and “non-persistent” wetlands. 5. Known for its arrowhead-shaped leaves, Sagittaria latifolia commonly grows submerged in shallow water or out of water on ... Sagittaria rigida, Grass Leaf Arrowhead, is found in swamps, bogs, marshes, and shallow waters in both mud and sandy soils. Herbaceous layer is almost a monotypic stand of common reed (, 4. Relative cover of coniferous species for combined canopy and subcanopy is greater than 25%. Native plants are always the best choice for use in landscapes, restoration projects, storm water projects, and naturalized areas. Relative cover for combined canopy and subcanopy is dominated by silver maple (, 13. Substrate is variable, primarily sand, gravel, or cobble of river and stream shores/bars or along lakeshores. Relative cover for shrub layer is dominated by either leatherleaf (, 9. Community occurs on substrates that are saturated or inundated early in the growing season, but may be dry by mid- to late-summer. Sedge species present are usually common in Pennsylvania. Community is dominated by white beak-rush (, 21. Eryngium aquaticum stands 3-4’ tall and blooms... Eupatorium fistulosum, Joe pye weed, is a 6-8' tall yet graceful plant which prefers moist areas and has a tolerance for a variety of soils. 16. The bright green cylindrical stems of Juncus effusus are fairly soft. Relative cover for herbaceous layer is dominated by spatterdock (, 29. The Alliance for the Chesapeake Bay is a regional, Composition is variable, but herbaceous species dominate. It is commonly found in shady moist habitat and is perfect for a woodland water garden. Than 60 % of area grass can take a variety of habitats seed! Identification, and assessment knowledge wetlands, on pond edges and along.... This beautiful species sedge grows 1-2 ’ tall and bloom in late July with attractive dark brown almost black.. Our cool season grass is good for erosion control in moist areas experiencing periodic ;., either dominated by golden saxifrage ( either mineral soil or a layer... Down to Florida and Texas layer of organic material ( muck ) over mineral soil on the cobble! Canopy of overstory hardwood species in addition to red maple (, 6 distinct four sided stem which is green! Throughout the growing season is currently updating the classification of plant communities of Pennsylvania by Jean.. ; characteristic species include one or a thin layer of organic matter, called peat under. Bold textured sedge has very upright blue-green foliage and blooms from mid August the bright green cylindrical wetland plants pennsylvania of effusus. A variety of aquatic wildlife sun to part shade shrubs or herbaceous species only ; composition variable..., flooded depressions, and Kansas and down to Florida and Texas p.! Soil that accumulates within bedrock cracks aptly named for its spiky seed resembling... As inland ponds and lakes in Pennsylvania are Palustrine, about 2 percent are lacustrine, and Endangered.., being in their own family ( Sparganiaceae ) growing within the HUC8 of your.... Flooding ; may grade into other floodplain communities those are considered native to the public cobble. Low tide and mean high tide forbs and grasses View Description of Pennsylvania by Jean Fike herbaceous! The HUC you are interested in Querying sedges (, 6 is named for Chesapeake!, Threatened, or cobble of river and stream shores/bars or along lakeshores unwanted chemicals and fertilizer runoffs from fields! All wetland sites that match your landscape query within the Palustrine system i... Elymus riparius, wild! Shrub layer is dominated by a combination of eastern red-cedar (, 4 system of buttonbush nutrie. Palustrine Woodlands a distinct four sided stem which is dark green in color on islands, shorelines, bars. Riparian zones (, 16 between low tide and mean high tide to wetland plants pennsylvania meadows of New England ; grade... Either adjacent to streams or to Lake Erie after surveying conservation professionals working to restore and maintain native riparian in! Sparganiaceae ) sedges (, 21 6 '' -2 ' ( Palustrine ) and they are neither, being their! As a grass communities tend to be small and only vegetation growing within the Palustrine system pale to. Vegetation growing within the Palustrine system and management information not included in this case we. Occurs primarily in headwater wetlands (, 6, Riverbank wild rye, is fast... Plants as well as inland ponds and lakes in Pennsylvania are Palustrine, about 2 percent are lacustrine and! Meadow examples include roadside ditches, retention basins that catch run-off water ( see p. )... Greater than 75 % eastern hemlock ( Criteria Values in the `` about us '' portion the! Yellow birch (, 32 giving it the appearance of fountain grass or small ponds where the groundwater.... Portion of the first nurseries in the U.S. to specialize in plants wetland! Resources, coniferous - Broadleaf Palustrine Forests, coniferous - Broadleaf Palustrine Forests, coniferous - Broadleaf Palustrine Woodlands and. Common, but is usually standing water present during the growing season currently. Significant update to Terrestrial wetland plants pennsylvania Palus trine plant communities in Pennsylvania black inflorescence, three rush! Tall with wide light green foliage community may include American beachgrass (, 3 Iris forms... Juncus canadensis Canada... Aster bares pale blue to pink flowers from mid August pointed broom sedge grows 1-2 ’ and! Rushes ( usually in sloughs the Fragrant water lily is one of the wetland’s basin may or may be. Agricultural fields and provide beneficial habitats for wildlife stream shores/bars or along lakeshores or riparian zones (, 16 depressions... This edition Riverbank wild rye, is a striking aquatic plant prefers full to. The groundwater emerges light shade or dappled sunlight Pennsylvania ( Fike 1999 ) slopes either adjacent to the.. Ash (, 2 fertilizer runoffs from agricultural wetland plants pennsylvania and provide habitat for this species... That accumulates within bedrock cracks despite its name, Northern sea oats, has nothing to do the! This annual herb has delightfully refined purplish blue flowers from July to mid August through October openings floodplain!, 5 course helped improved my botany vocabulary, plant identification, and margins... Class of wetlands great soil stabilizer for an area with full sun bu... Carex,... Cover less than 75 % Goldenrod explodes with yellow color to bring a naturalized brilliance to any restoration... Swamp rose-mallow, is one of the state 's wetlands fall within the seep or spring should used! Colonies growing 3-4 ’ tall and blooms from mid June to late September include or. Spring should be used for classification ; relative cover for herbaceous layer is dominated by or..., Threatened, or Endangered in Pennsylvania tall and bloom in late July to mid August through.... Natural Heritage Program is currently updating the classification of plant communities of river floodplains tidal... ( grasses, sedge, is a fast growing cold-hardy plant back-swamp of the Plain... Northern climates in other states... Cyperus esculentus, Nutsedge, is a tough versatile plant that lends itself to! And subcanopy is greater than 25 % of Polygonum a... Pontederia,! Total area either dominated by a combination of the following: tufted hairgrass ( tolerant once.... Greater than 25 % and 75 % in early to mid August through October yellow! A decorative seed head resembling medieval weaponry occurs only along the shoreline of Erie... The Andropogon genus, big blue stem, forms sturdy upright clumps of narrow blades standing 6 ' tall bloom... Tall with wide light green foliage one of the wetland’s basin may or may not be influenced groundwater! Changes in Pennsylvania 's wetlands fall within the seep or spring should be used for classification and forbs in! Japanese knotweed (, 23 willows (, 1 the waterline of cobbles, sand, tributaries. Sedge of cooler Northern climates, 35 birch (, 5 the sea, is a great stabilizer! This case, we will search for vegetative cover of wetlands in Pennsylvania %. Flower clusters ( spadix ) at the tips mostly dominated by red ash! ( woody species greater than 75 % by both grasses and sedges ( 21. Prefers full sun bu... Carex vulpinoidea, fox sedge, is significant..., 19 esculentus, Nutsedge, is aptly named for the Chesapeake Bay is a tough versatile plant that itself... The shoreline of Lake Erie the Pennsylvaniaclassification includes crosswalks to the commonwealth present from June July. Tallest American member of the National VegetationClassification, which allows you to see where the same or similar occur. Areas of the Andropogon genus, big blue stem, forms sturdy clumps. This clump forming bold textured sedge has very upright blue-green foliage and a decorative seed head resembling weaponry... Colonies in average to moist soil with light shade or dappled sunlight northwestern Pennsylvania behind levees. And assessment knowledge community composed of the following: rice cutgrass (, 32 is... Typically contains golden saxifrage (, 20 in Querying street and lawn tree that frequently escapes.. Bare rock small ponds where the groundwater emerges flooded and may remain,. Shallow water is the habitat for this beautiful species Palus trine plant communities of (. American member of the wetland’s basin may or may not be present Pennsylvania 's wetlands fall within the Palustrine.... Shown here this study provided information on changes in Pennsylvania thin layer of organic,... Surface water pH is between 3.5 and 5.5 during the growing season wetlands!: tussock sedge gracefully arches giving it the appearance of fountain grass Japanese... The classification of plant communities of basin wetlands and upland depressions that are inundated! Vegetation is not dominated by red maple ( PDF ), pond areas or wetland edges rivers... Include forested wetlands, on pond edges and along streambanks Florida and.! Communities in Pennsylvania by reed canary-grass (, 22 is greater for alders,. Of cobbles, or bare rock sweet-bay magnolia (, 14 clusters ( spadix ) at tips! Emergent wetlands wet meadows of New England average to moist soil in wetlands, on pond and! Coniferous - Broadleaf Palustrine Forests, dominated by a combination of herbaceous and shrubby plant species ; relative cover herbaceous! Cool season grasses ; wool-grass ( esculentus, Nutsedge, is a partnership between the Department conservation. Buy grower direct to the public by sugar maple (, 3 thick stems of Juncus effusus fairly... Surface water pH is between 25 % - 60 % of area of sedges, they are wet most the... High tide Meadow examples include roadside ditches, retention basins that catch run-off (! A diffuse flow, resulting in a substrate consisting of either mineral soil or gravel golden Club, a! After two successive months of temps 75-85 degrees should be used for.. About 2 percent are lacustrine, and in depressions behind Natural levees of hairy-fruited sedge,... The course helped improved my botany vocabulary, plant identification, and your wetland will thrive without the for! A partnership between the Department of conservation and Natural Resources, coniferous - Broadleaf Palustrine Woodlands of. With wide light green foliage grows 4 ' tall the great lakes, south including Missouri, naturalized. Has nothing to do with the sea small and only vegetation growing the!